Select Page
  

Follow the instruction to rewrite 8 pages essay based on the feedback given by instructorI have attached all instructions, feedback and original paper.Please go through all of them carefullyAll the work must be originalTurnitin report is required
l12_research_paper.docx

l12ex_research.pdf

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
92.Follow the instruction to rewrite 8 pages essay based on the feedback given by instructor
Just from $10/Page
Order Essay

33c3219277dec722678f730089ba9107f9b5153e_2_.docx

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Your research paper should be between 8-10 pages, double-spaced and formatted in MLA
style. It should include a cover page and a works cited page, which are not counted as part of
the length requirements.
(stick with the topic of GMO’s as you have done the annotated bibliography on that topic)
The beginning:
Your research paper should be organized around a central thesis. This thesis should be based
on the research question that has focused your search efforts thus far in the class.
The first paragraph should set the stage, introducing your thesis and preparing the readers
for what’s to come.
You should then consider providing an overview of the situation. Depending on your project,
this could take multiple forms. You might choose to briefly review the resources that you have
found on the topic (similar to the review of sources you completed for the proposal). You
might choose to discuss historical views on your subject as a way of setting the stage for
more recent information. If you used field research, you might start with facts from your
secondary research before launching into the results of your field research. Regardless of the
approach you take, the goal remains the same—to integrate your reader by providing a
thumbnail sketch of the scenario behind your research.
Review two good English student research paper introductions,which were created for a
similar class, at this link. PDF
The middle:
The middle portion of your paper can take a variety of approaches, depend ing on your goal.
“Organize” at the Writing Commons covers a variety of organizational strategies you may use
in your paper. You could study an issue in terms of causes and effects. You might choose to
compare and contrast different sides of an issue. Or, you may use deductive reasoning to craft
an argument. Either way, you will want to ensure that you cover all of the intrinsic points
relating to your thesis. You will want to avoid fallacies and analyze in a fair, well-supported
manner. Your sources should serve to back up your ideas; they should not be the primary
focus of the paper.
Please note: Around 70 percent of the paper should be your own analysis/reflection o n the
issue, while around 30 percent should be cited material. The cited material supports and adds
value to the paper. It should not be the majority of the paper.
Review this Organizing Your Argument Presentation for additional helpful tips for
organizing the body of your paper.
The end:
Always make sure to finish with a good conclusion.

A good conclusion helps readers know what they have learned.

The purpose of a good conclusion in a research paper is not to persuade the reader,
but to add to the overall effectiveness of your argument.

When writing a conclusion, it’s not necessary to rewrite your thesis. Instead, refer to it
briefly and remind readers of the main points.

Avoid sounding preachy in your conclusion. Instead, simply remind readers of main
points and end with something that will leave a lasting impression such as a
provocative quotation, a vivid image, a call to action or a warning.
ENG108: Research Paper Guidelines
Your research paper should be 8-10 pages, double-spaced, and formatted in MLA style.
It should include a cover page and a Works Cited page, which are not counted as part of
the length requirements.
The beginning:
Your research paper should be organized around a central thesis. This thesis should be
based on the research question that has focused your search efforts thus far in the class.
The first paragraph should set the stage, introducing your thesis and preparing the
readers for what’s to come. Two sample introductory paragraphs are below:
Example 1
If the average middle-class American were confronted with the possibility of a
hazardous chemical plant or toxic waste site being built in the community in which he
and his family lived, chances are he probably wouldn’t stand by silently and allow it to
happen. This is, however, the situation that many low income and minority communities
are faced with each day. Industrial businesses that may pose a threat to the
environment are continually being approved for construction in these areas unopposed
by residents. Often times these individuals are ignorant to the potential hazards this
new business will bring and are not included in the decision making process for site
selections. The voice of the minority group needs to be heard to ensure they receive the
same equitable treatment offered to others and are not discriminated against when
dealing with the matter of racism created by the effects of environmental injustice.
Example 2
The pattern of urban sprawl in Arizona may appear at first glance to be a good thing.
Despite its convenience and benefits, however, sprawl is unhealthy and unsustainable
and has enormous costs. The economic costs are perhaps the most readily measured.
Continued expansion forces municipalities to increase the range of their services,
costing taxpayers billions. Equally important are the environmental ramifications of
reckless growth. Sprawling growth exacerbates traffic congestion, encroaches upon
open spaces, and threatens the health of Arizona’s diverse ecosystems. Most elusive,
however, are the unforeseen social consequences; higher crime rates in city centers and
even increased rates of obesity can be linked to sprawl. To deal with these issues, local
and regional governments should encourage positive growth that offers sustainable and
diverse choices to Arizona’s communities.
You should then consider providing an overview of the situation. Depending on your
project, this could take multiple forms. You might choose to briefly review the resources
that you have found on the topic (similar to the review of sources you completed for the
proposal). You might choose to discuss historical views on your subject as a way of
setting the stage for more recent information. If you used field research, you might start
with facts from your secondary research before launching into the results of your field
research. Regardless of the approach you take, the goal remains the same—to integrate
your reader by providing a thumbnail sketch of the scenario behind your research.
The middle:
The body of your paper can take a variety of approaches, depending on your goal.
Chapter 6, section 8.4 of the Flat World Knowledge Handbook covers a variety of
organizational strategies you may use in your paper. You could study an issue in terms
of causes and effects. You might choose to compare and contrast different sides of an
issue. Or, you may use deductive reasoning to craft an argument. Either way, you will
want to insure that you cover all of the intrinsic points relating to your thesis. You will
want to avoid fallacies and analyze in a fair, well-supported manner. Your sources
should serve to back up your ideas; they should not be the primary focus of the paper.
The following resource also has helpful tips for organizing the body of your paper:
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/693/1.
The end:
Always make sure to finish with a good conclusion.
 A good conclusion helps readers know what they have learned.
 The purpose of a good conclusion in a research paper is not to persuade the
reader, but to add to the overall effectiveness of your argument.
 When writing a conclusion, it’s not necessary to rewrite your thesis. Instead,
refer to it briefly and remind readers of the main points.
 Avoid sounding preachy in your conclusion. Instead, simply remind readers of
main points and end with something that will leave a lasting impression such as a
provocative quotation, a vivid image, a call to action or a warning.
A sample conclusion paragraph follows:
The most important aspect of elephant conservation is the reduction of poaching. The
amount of elephants culled or lost due to natural causes is insignificant compared to the
detrimental losses due to the massive genocide of poaching. To prevent the further
depletion of this majestic species, it will take the efforts of governments at a local,
national, and global level to work in conjunction with one another for the preservation
and conservation of these creatures. If the steps defined at each level are strictly
followed and monitored, further poaching attempts will become extinct, instead of the
species.
LIU 1
Yicheng Liu
ENG108
Annotated Bibliography
March 15th, 2018
Harmful Effects of Genetically Modified Organisms
Search strategy
I found these articles by limiting the google scholar database using Boolean search
operators. Correctly, I used the OR operator by searching “effects or “impact” of “genetically
modified organisms.” However, the result was broader, and I had to use the AND operator by
searching Harmful Effects” and “Genetically Modified Organisms,” and I was able to find the
seven articles below.
Bakshi, Anita. “Potential adverse health effects of genetically modified crops.” Journal of
Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part B 6.3 (2015): 211-225.
According to Anita, a genetically modified organism can be used to eliminate starvation
and hunger mostly in developing countries. Critics of the technology argue that GMO products
contain toxic since they contain new genes. However, after authors reviewed the various literature,
they established that the current the genetically modified organism available in the market are safe
and their use is not associated with any health problems. However, the authors still recommend
further studies to ascertain the safety of the food consumed by human beings.
The article is useful since it provided up to date information on genetic modification
because the authors used current information available to critic the proposal from the past opponent
of GMO products. Moreover, this article is credible since the authors of the paper are renowned
scholars in the field of environmental health, and they have published numerous reports related to
LIU 2
the health effect of genetically modified food as such, their experience in genetic studies was
critical in ascertaining the validity of the article.
Primarily, the information in the report will be essential in identifying the latest discoveries
that are not consistent with the research findings. Most importantly, even though the research will
primarily refute the use of GMO product, it will be essential to identify some importance of the
products to the society. Therefore the article will be instrumental in identifying these positive
impacts of GMO products to the society. Therefore this journal will be useful in identifying the
advantages of GMO products, and at the same time, it will provide a critic to the argument in the
research.
Carvalho, Fernando P. “Pesticides, environment, and food safety.” Food and Energy
Security 6.2 (2017): 48-60.
According to Carvalho, the current and future increase in production of food must go along
with the production of excellent quality and with few toxic contaminants. Most importantly,
Following his investigation, they recommended the research institutes to fill the loopholes in
studies to provide adequate information on the possible threats and benefits of genetically
engineered organisms. This recommendation was achieved after they synthesized various
published information, empirical, peer-reviewed journals concerning the environmental benefits
and risk of genetically engineered products.
Carvalho is an experienced researcher in the field of biotechnology, and the journal
selected original researchers, critical opinions, reviews, in addressing all the essential issues
surrounding the use of genetically engineering in agriculture. His experience and expertise have
allowed him to identify bias in researches from existing researches and consequently avoid the
LIU 3
bias. Hence the article provides an accurate and comprehensive critique and has paid more
attention to the effect of the genetically engineered crops to the general public. The authors
combined the various scientific literature related to the field of genetically engineered crops to
assist the scholar, and the general public develops objective deductions on the importance of using
GE in agriculture.
The findings in this article will significantly assist my research. This is because it contains
numerous concerns that have been raised on the risk and benefits of genetically engineered
organisms and the gap that the existence that has made it difficult to validate this concern. Also,
the use of this article will assist in saving time because it will be easier to identify which area of
the research has limited studies and which aspects have valid and relevant information that will be
significant in the study.
Chase, L. E. “Considerations for Developing Non-GMO Dairy Rations.” (2017).
The article examines various scientific studies among institutes of learning and the media
confirming the overall safety of GMO crops about human health. Additionally, it presents the
various arguments for the researchers who are against the use of genetically modified organisms.
Specifically, the article present critics from a Non-GMO project whose primary objective is to
inform the public on the health risks GMO crops pose to the environment, the health of human
being, and our food system. Mainly, the article established that the GMO the use of GMO products
should be stopped since they posse more adverse effect on the public since the economic
advantages outweighed their economic disadvantages.
Mainly the present article researchers from both the opponent and proponents of the use
of GMO products. Most importantly, Chase is an environmental scientist and sociologist, and his
arguments from sociologist have assisted in developing valid arguments on the effects of GM crops
LIU 4
on the society. As a result, this article contained a collection of studies both form scholars and the
media and presented a broader perspective on the effect of GMO.
Since the article is a deduction from numerous studies and opinions, this article will be
useful in my research since it presents argument form both the critics and opponents on the use of
GMO products. More so, it will be relevant in providing evidence-based arguments because the
article is unbiased, as it has provided room for both the scholar and media studies. Furthermore,
the fascinating part of the article is concluding comparing the sociologist perspectives on the effect
of the GMO and peer-reviewed articles.
Nicolia, Alessandro, et al. “An overview of the last ten years of genetically engineered crop
safety research.” Critical reviews in Biotechnology 34.1 (2018): 77-88.
According to the article, the technology of producing genetically modified crops is
celebrating its thirtieth anniversary, and one of their significant achievement has been to create
genetically engineered crops. As a result, the article presented the various arguments and reviewed
numerous scientific literature concerned with the safety of the genetically engineered crops for the
past decade to generate and classify a list of manageable scientific papers and examine the
distribution and composition of this scientific literature.
The article presents records of studies that have been conducted since the establishment
of genetically engineered crops. Nicolai and Alessandro are established genetic engineers with
expertise in expertise in GE crops researchers. Their experience in the field of biotechnology has
been critical in this article as it has provided them with knowledge for selecting significant records
of scientific literature on Genetically engineered crops and this recorder can be easily managed
and classified for in-depth analysis and developing concepts.
LIU 5
The article will be useful in my research since there are limited studies that have been
conducted on the harmful effect of genetically engineered crops. Therefore, the records presented
in this article on the developments that have ensued since the technology of producing genetically
modified crops started will be critical in establishing the impact of the technology has made.
Scott, Sydney E., Yoel Inbar, and Paul Rozin. “Evidence for absolute moral opposition to
genetically modified food in the United States.” Perspectives on Psychological
Science 11.3 (2016): 315-324.
According to Scott, Sydney, Yoel Inbar, and Paul Rozin, the scientific consensus is that
genetically modified products are more harmful than traditionally bred products. Moreover, the
research was conducted by the respected organization and was later compared with scholarly
articles and peer-reviewed journals in support of GMO to establish which argument is valid and
what decision continue to use the GMO product or to stop using the use of GMO would benefit
lager portion of the society. Following the comparison, the authors concluded that GMO
products are more harmful than traditional crops, but they remain useful in combatting food
shortages.
Most of this research is derived from the projects which are a well-established firm in
GMO studies that provided evidenced-based argument on the impact of the GMO products on
the environment. The researchers have vast experiences, and as a result, they have provided
comprehensive and valid critique, and this makes the article relevant.
The information will be relevant useful in the research since it will assist in identifying the
various arguments from the researchers and this argument will be critical in formulating new ideas
on the effect of GMO or assist in identifying the loopholes in a study that will prompt further
research on a given proposal
LIU 6
Snow, Allison Ann, et al. “Genetically engineered organisms and the environment: current
status and recommendations.” Ecological Applications 15.2 (2017): 377-404.
According to Snow, Allison Ann, et al., the American ecological society evaluated the
ecological impact of the current and future use of genetically modified organism and established
that the GMOs have the potential to play a significant role for sustainability in agriculture,
Aquaculture, forestry, bioremediation, and environmental management both in industrialized and
developing nations. Mainly, the article points out that different from the commercialized crops and
animal breeds, in GEOs there is limited experience with release, breeding, and monitoring.
The article presents a new dimension on the GMO debate by outlining the possible
environmental threat the transgenic organism may poss. The authors of the report are
environmental scientists, and the evidence-based critique by suggesting there is limited knowledge
and prove to ascertain the impact of the transgenic organism to the ecosystem. Therefore, their
analysis and deduction when trying to establish the possible threat that of the transgenic organism
to the environment is critical.
The evidence presented in this report will be helpful since it will assist in making inference
on the suspected impacts of the transgenic organism to the ecosystem. Mostly the deductions from
the author will be useful in identifying the possible threat that the transgenic organism will have
to the environment since there are limited studies that describe their environmental impact.
Wolfenbarger, Laressa L., and Paul R. Phifer. “The ecological risks and benefits of
genetically engineered plants.” Science290.5499 (2017): 2088-2093.
The article presented the concerns that have been raised by the sociologists and the scientist
concerning the impact the release of the genetically engineered products will cause to the
LIU 7
environment and also the emphasis presented by proponents on the benefits of the GGM crops to
the environment. These viewpoints by both the sociologist and the scientist are what the authors
have investigated to confirm their validity. The primary focus of the article reflects the current
emphasis on crops, fish, trees, and microbes.
Wolfenbarger, Lar …
Purchase answer to see full
attachment

Order your essay today and save 10% with the discount code ESSAYHSELP