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This is a power point presentation. The rules are listed below. Also I will attach a copy of one of my other classmates presentation as a guide.Your presentation should include the following elements:History of the Theory. This should include the development of the theory and the person/people involved with the theory.Key Concepts – Discuss the precise therapeutic goals and the treatment planRole and Function of the Leader for the therapeutic approachStages of the group using the therapeutic approachApplication – therapeutic techniques and procedures. You will want to discuss how this particular therapeutic approach is practiced. Give specific details and examples. Applying the therapeutic technique/approach to the school setting.Strengths and Limitations of the ApproachAdditional Information and References

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By: Sharonda Savage
Retangia Epps
Kristie Jackson
Dr. Alfred Alder
About Dr. Alder
Adlerian psychology/psychotherapy, was
developed by Alfred Adler (1870-1937). A historically
influential psychiatrist, Alfred Adler began focusing
the philosophical world’s attention on relatively new
ideas in the early 20th century. He believed that it was
imperative to become intimately familiar with a
person’s social context by exploring factors such as
birth order, lifestyle, and parental education. Adler
believed that each person strives to belong and feel
History of the
Adler began his professional life as an
ophthalmologist in 1895, before entering
the world of psychiatry in the early 1900s.
He was intrigued by Sigmund Freud’s
theories of human behavior and bravely
defended Freud’s much criticized
concepts of psychoanalysis. In 1907, an
appreciative Freud invited Adler to join his
inner circle—an exclusive Wednesday
evening discussion group thought to be
the foundation of the psychoanalytic
History Continued…..
Ultimately, Adler and Freud
parted ways due to
theoretical differences, and
Adler established himself at
the forefront of his own
emerging approach to
therapy and soon founded
the School of Individual
Psychology. In this new
system, the importance of
studying the entire individual
was stressed. Adler’s theory
was institutionalized into The
Society for Free Psychological
Thought, which began
publishing the Journal for
Individual Psychology soon
Here is a video that you can watch on youtube to get a
better understanding of The Alderian Approach and
it’s History.
Concepts of the Alderian
The main concepts of Adler’s theory are social
interest, holism, lifestyle, goals or directionality and
equality. Adler emphasized the importance of
childhood inferiority feelings and stressed
psychosocial rather than psychosexual development.
According to Adler, all people develop a feeling of
Goals and
The main focus of the Adlerian
therapy is to assist the clients in
recognizing and identifying their
misconceptions and various other
assumptions that they may have
about themselves, about others and
about life in general. This thus helps
them in actively participating in the
social world. There are several
techniques that are involved in the
Adlerian therapy which include
establishing a relationship. This
particular aspect is not merely
encouraged as part of the therapy,
but in general as well. One of the
main focuses of the Adlerians is to
establish a bonding with their clients,
and then focusing on their problems.
The second technique is being subjective,
that is recognizing patterns and details of
the personal stories as well as conducting
objective interviews. These interviews
generally include life assessment sessions
mainly focusing on how the issues
initiated, details regarding the
precipitating events, the relevant medical
and social history, what made the client
seek help, how the client usually copes
with the problem and the overall
assessment of the client’s lifestyle. The
third step involves the self realization,
and this particular aspect deals with the
unconscious attempts and motives that
must be made conscious. The last step
involves clients attempting to reeducate
themselves in order to become more
Role & Function of the
leader for the therapeutic

• In the Adlerian theory the counselor has the
freedom to express his or her opinion to the client if it is
beneficial for the client’s healing process
• The therapeutic relationship is based on the person
to person relation and it is necessary to create an
environment based on empathy, commitment, trust, and
• Group counselors serve as models for clients,
presenting to the group characteristics like self
confidence, courage, which at the same time serve to
encourage them to accept imperfections and sense of
humor among others.

The most used methods in group
therapy are: discussion groups,
consulting, counseling,
psychodrama, and group therapy,
(Sweeney, 1989).
When working with the application
of the Adlerian approach whether
its with children or adults the
participants are considered
inherently equal, capable of
assuming responsibility for their
behaviors. In this way participants
are individually understood in a
holistic manner as social beings,
competent for changing unrealistic
thoughts and dysfunctional
behaviors, as well as able to being
helped in the process of giving
sense of their lives, (Sweeney 1989).
Stages of the group using
the therapeutic approach

Establishing and maintaining cohesive relationships with members: the
therapy is based on the idea of equality between members, mutual respect, and
identical involvement.

Analysis and assessment: The individual’s lifestyle and goals are more
evident during the therapeutic process; the facilitator should often explore the
participant’s functioning in the society.

Awareness & insight: According to this approach insight is the only step to
achieve change. Group sessions are more effective to reach self awareness than
individual therapy. This is because the interaction between members and
feedbacks to each other’s facilitate the process to recognize equality and social

Reorientation and reeducation: This process occurs at the end of the group
process, when both leaders and participants working to challenge mistaken beliefs
about self and others. During the time of this stage, the participants are encouraged
to take action in concordance with the lessons learned within the group.
Application: Therapeutic Techniques
and Procedures Adlerian Brief Therapy
(ABT): 4 Phases
Phase 1: Establishing the Relationship
Working collaboratively and being caring,
involved, supportive
Making person-to-person contact rather than
starting with “the problem”
Phase 2: Exploring the
individual’s dynamiCs
Two Interview Forms:
 ·
Subjective Interview – Active listening (followed
by a sense of wonder, fascination, and interest) to help
the client tell their story as completely as possible.
 ·
Objective Interview – Gathering info as to how
the clients’ problems began, precipitating events,
medical history, social history, reasons for choosing
therapy, coping skills, and a life assessment.
 ·
“Lifestyle Investigator”: The Family Constellation
and Early Recollections
Phase 3: Encouraging Self-Understanding and
 To
help the client understand the motivations in
their life, understand how they are contributing to
their problem, and making adjustments to correct
the situation
Phase 4: Helping with
Putting insights into practice
Encouragement Process
Change and the Search for New
Making a Difference! Promoting
The goal is to help clients identify and change
their mistaken beliefs about self, others, and life
and thus participate more fully in a social world.
Clients are not seen as mentally sick but as
 • The client and therapist work collaboratively to
challenge the client to translate the client’s insights
into action in the real world.
 • Major contributions include elementary
education, consultation groups with teachers, parent
education groups, marriage and family therapy, and
group counseling.
Adlerian therapists are mainly concerned with
doing what’s best for the client rather than squeezing
them into a theoretical framework.
 • The theory lends itself to short-term formats. This
is beneficial to a client to help them believe change
can occur in a short amount of time.
 • Adler influenced many other therapy systems.
They are all based on the concept of the person as
purposive, self-determining, and striving for growth.
 • Adlerian’s basic premise is that if clients can
change their thinking then they can change their
feelings and behavior.
Alderian approach,
strengths and Limitations
It focuses on a holistic
return to the community
and allows for a realistic
approach to theory.
Its use of
encouragement and
Its flexible. It highlights
feelings of anxiety and
inferiority which can be
explored through
different styles.
 Its
emphasis on early
childhood memories
and events. If a person
is resistant t exploring
theses memories,
Alderian theory can’t
be successful.

Adler Graduate School. (n.d.). Alfred Adler:
theory and application. Retrieved from
D’ Andrea, M., Ivey, A. E., Ivey, M. B. &
Simek-Morgan, L. (2007). Theories of
counseling and psychotherapy: A multicultural
perspective (6th ed., pp. 146-161). USA: SAGE
Publications, Inc. Retrieved from
Edwards, M. E. & Stein, H. T. (1998). Classical
Adlerian theory and practice. Retrieved from
Jones-Smith, E. (2011). Theories of counseling
and psychotherapy: An integrative approach
(pp. 79-97). USA: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Retrieved from

Sonstegard, M. A., Bitter, J. R. &
Pelonis, P. (2004).Alderian group
counseling and Step-by-Step.
Brunner—Routledge. New York;
Stein, H.&Edwards, M. (2000).
Classical Alderian theory and
practice. Online document.
Retrieved on 4/14/2014 from
Sweeney, T. (1989). Alderian
counseling. A practical approach
for a new decade. Accelerated
Development Inc. Indiana:IN

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