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You will be adding a written description of the background information on your artworks to your PowerPoint presentation.For this segment, use the slides in the art gallery template labeled “Background.” You will need one for each artwork. You may include more than one idea on each slide, but please do not overload the slides with information. Be sure to address the following:Describe the time period of the artwork.Include information on the artist of the artworks.Include facts that relate to your selected art pieces. For example, if your artwork depicts a war, it may be helpful to give information about that war.Be sure to use APA format during this assignment. It is important to give credit to the source that provided your information. At the end of a sentence where you have information from a source, add a citation. The citation should consist of the author or authors’ last name(s) and the year of publication. For our textbook, it would be (Frank, 2014). If it is a quotation, add a page or paragraph number. For example, a quote from your textbook would look like this: (Frank, 2014, p. 119). Place the full reference for the source on the References slide at the end.Please submit your full presentation thus far, which should include the five artworks and the description of their visual elements, design principles, the art criticism theories, and the segment for this unit.
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Artwork
VISUAL ELEMENTS
1.0 The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci
Visual image description







Emphasis: Jesus Christ is the focal point seeing that he sits at the center of the
table surrounded by all his disciples who are leaning over to him.
balance: the image is symmetrical with six disciples on each side of Jesus,
equal openings on each side of the table as well as Jesus being approximately
at the geometrical center of the door.
Directional forces: The curve of the table guides the eye to Jesus’ position. On
the same not, the leaning position of the disciples point onto Jesus.
Unity: the depiction of both Jesus Christ and the disciples express the supreme
authority and wisdom of Jesus.
Contract: while Jesus sits facing forward, his disciples face him showing that
they depend on him for knowledge and spiritual enlightenment.
Repetition: there is not much repetition apart from the bread on both sides of
Jesus distributed amongst the disciples
Scale and proportion: the objects in the picture are proportional to each other
judging from the size of the people and the windows.
2.0 Crucified Christ by Velazquez.
Visual image description






Unity: The shade of light, cross, Jesus’ head position and the crown of thorns
all collaborate to illustrate his suffering at Calvary prior to his death.
Variety: The color and/or lighting shows the two world of salvation and
condemnation. His body’s pale color shows light while the dark background is
indicative of the world of sin.
Balance: there is a high degree of symmetry with the vertical cross at the center
of the image and Jesus spreading his arms in both directions.
Directional forces: Jesus’ arms and legs’ position guides the eye to the nails
which are iconic indicators of his suffering.
Emphasis: the crown of thorns on Jesus’ head are the focus of this image. To
bring out the emphasis, a light surrounds his head.
Scale and proportion: the objects are proportional to each other seeing that the
cross fits perfectly along the vertical dimension and so does Jesus’ arms along
the horizontal.
3.0 Shepherds adoring baby Jesus artwork
by El Greco
Visual mage description

Balance: the image is symmetrical to some extent with the angels towering from
both sides and an equal number of people on either side of the vertical center of
the image

Unity: the angels are handing down a baby and the people below them are lifting
their hand to receive. This indicates the birth of Jesus as the son of God.

Contrast: the angels are towering over the people showing their glory. They are
also descending with light upon a dark place which shows Jesus as the light of the
world.

Emphasis: the baby, Jesus is the focal point in this image since as the angel look
down upon him, the people look up to him too.

Variety: there are both male and female angels as well as both young and old
people in the space below. This shows that Jesus came to this world for the benefit
of all humankind.
4. Tears of saint Peter
Visual image description

Symmetry: Peter’s image lies along the geometric center of the artwork. His hands are
also folded together at approximately the same centroid axis.

Contrast: Peter’s sad face contradicts the bright light in his right side indicating the light
that came to the world as a result of Christ’s death.

Unity: his sad face shows his guilty for betraying Jesus who in turn accorded him the
noble responsibility of leading the church. The combination shows how distressed he
was for betraying Christ’s trust.

Repetition: the small branches emerging from the tree are repeated on both sides of the
man’s head to show the cloud of agony that hangs over his mind.

Proportionality: the objects are perfectly fit into the space in a way that emphasizes on
the main character but also demonstrates the prevailing environmental conditions.

Directional forces: the outline of his hand leads us to the key hanging on his arm
showing that he has some responsibility to lead a group of people through obstacles
5 Coronation of Mary the Virgin
Visual image description

Balance: the image is symmetrical with the two men placed on either sides of the vertical center
of the piece. The ray of light emanating from the dove also seems to dissect the image into two
equal halves.

Unity: the position of the dove above the lady, the direction of light towards her, the position of
the two men all show how special she is to them and the world. The children at her feet shows
that she gives rise to life that everyone looks up to.

Variety: the presence of an old man, a young man and woman as well as a child shows that the
light has come for the sake of all those inhabiting the earth’s surface.

Directional forces: the strong ray of light from the dove points down to the woman whose lobe
unfolds downwards leading the eye to the children at her feet.

Proportionality: the objects are fit to the scale of the image such that while no detail is left
behind, there is hardly any space left.

Emphasis: the placement of the woman ate the geometrical center, the light pointing down to her,
the men surrounding her and the cloud-like surface she sits on clearly brings her out as the focus
in this image
Formal Art Criticism Theories

This theory is oriented to view the composite elements that establishes visual appeal as well
as enhancement to make the artwork more meaningful (Smith, 2005).

This theory fits in the analysis of the artwork given that the elements help in displaying the
features of the center piece with the aim of improving the visualization.

Shepherds adoring baby Jesus artwork by El Greco piece is distinctive because of the
diversity demonstrated by the wide array of features as a show of the new light without
discrimination based on age, sex, and so on.

The constituent elements of the artwork are the only aspect that establishes meaning. The
visual appeal, in relation to this theory, helps in making the work more appealling and attract
the attentions of the viewer.
Contextual Art Criticism Theory

This theory places emphasis on displaying the environment in which the art attributes to the
appreciation of the social, political, as well as the cultural aspects (Anderson, 1988).

This theory helps appreciate people’s cultural orientation including the spiritual aspects, and
they are important in developing a given personality in a certain context. Additionally, this
theory goes an extra mile in the explaining the social background of people at a certain time.

This theory explains the Coronation of Mary the Virgin piece, showing the social status of
Mary in this society as depicted by the attire as well as the lighting of the picture. The use of
gold color imply the magnificence of Mary in this social context . She is indeed bringing a
new life in the society and the men with respect to their culture stand by her side.

Relating this theory to the Coronation of Mary the Virgin, the artist intended to demonstrates
the important of this woman in the social correlation along with the new life she brings to
humanity . Drawing from the art, and relating to the theory, Mary must have been from a
humble background but a reputable one.
Expressive Art Criticism Theories

This theory holds that all art is developed by man with the aim of expressing their
personalities, evoking emotional inclinations, and is highly reliance on the skills of a person,
as well as world perception to foster creativity (Adams, 2018).

Expressive theory is characterized by art enthusiast and give an explanation of the possibility
of a connection with the main piece along with the appreciation of creativity at the peak. And
this clarifies why art is a source of inspiration.

Crucified Christ by Velazquez can be used to explain this theory. Looking at Christ on the
cross, one feel sorry for him because of the visualized suffering from the thorns crowns and
the nailing on the hands and legs.

With respect to this theory the dark background symbolizes the sinful and transgression of
humanity and the people that Christ came to offer redemption.
References



Adams, L. S. (2018). The methodologies of art: An introduction. Routledge.
Anderson, T. (1988). A structure for pedagogical art criticism. Studies in Art
Education, 30(1), 28-38.
Smith, M. R. (2005). Using Art Criticism To Examine Meaning in Today’s Visual
Imagery.

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