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I have attached my topic proposal and the Annotated Bib. Please choose an additional 3 sources from EBSCOHOST For your research paper, you will write a literary analysis of one of the assigned readings this quarter. To support your analysis, you must use at least five secondary sources from the GMC library in addition to the literary work from the textbook. The paper must be at least 1500 words in length.ArgumentYour research paper must be a literary analysis of one of the assigned readings.Your thesis statement must be clear and arguable and supported throughout your paper.You should avoid unnecessary biographical information and plot summary. Your paper should be an analysis of the text.As you analyze the information, make sure you employ a consistent third person point of view. Do not use first or second person pronouns.Use of ResearchYou must use at least 5 secondary sources that provide critical arguments about the reading you’ve chosen. These sources should ONLY come from the GMC library or library databases.Your secondary sources should be used sparingly to either support or explain your thesis.You may quote, paraphrase, or summarize your sources. For more information, view the Purdue OWL’s website: StyleYour paper must be formatted according to MLA format.You must include a works-cited page at the end of your paper. Your works-cited should include your secondary sources and the assigned reading you’ve chosen.You must include in-text citations within the body of your paper.For more information about MLA style, you should view the Purdue OWL’s pages on MLA:, Grammar, and PunctuationAll written assignments should be mechanically and grammatically correct with proper punctuation.For more information on each of these, you should view the Purdue OWL’s General Writing Resources page: introduction should include a clear thesis statement.Each body paragraph should have a clear topic sentence that relates back to the thesis. The information in each paragraph should relate to the topic sentence.The conclusion should bring together how you developed the points to show how you fully supported your stance in the thesis statement.Bear in mind that the structure of a paper, the thesis statement, the introduction, and the conclusion should all work together. Before you begin writing, I recommend that you write an outline to organize your ideas. Doing this will help you write a logical, well-organized essay


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Achebe, Chinua. “Civil peace.” Achebe, Girls at War (1971): 82-88.
This source discloses Chinua Achebe’s reason for writing the short story and the structure
that the story takes. The source is quite relevant to the topic of civil peace as illustrated by the
author Chinua Achebe. The technique used on examination of the vital intersection of narrations
addressing political insights to war distinguishes Chinua Achebe’s fiction. According to the
source, politics are drawn as catalysts to war such as that which took place in Nigeria leading to
multiple deaths and destruction. Apart from discussing the primary causes of war, Chinua uses
the example of characters such as Jonathan Igwebu to teach about the importance of optimism
during times of difficulty. The author describes using various characters on the effects of war and
the importance of peace. He proves that war is a destructor of peace through the separation of
Jonathan with his wife Maria and the entire family. For my research paper, this source would be
very helpful as it would help me analyze the short story easily understanding the main topic and
subsidiary ones.
Achebe, Chinua, and Simon Gikandi. The Chinua Achebe Encyclopedia. Greenwood Publishing
Group, 2003.
The book by M Keith Booker provides a critical argument relating multiple works of
art/linguistics by Chinua Achebe. In his work, M Keith Booker feels that Chinua Achebe’s short
story, civil peace, depicts him as not only a novelist but a critic, activist, and spokesman of the
African culture. This source scrutinizes the topic of civil war as put across by Achebe and
provides a substantive discussion regarding the themes brought about in the book. According to
the source, the themes of political insight, optimism, hard work, and power are discussed at
length while referring to characters in the literal work of Chinua Achebe. Other major topics put
across in this source include major fictional characters such as Jonathan Igwebu and Maria, the
setting which happens to be an environment portraying a clear picture of war and the aftermath,
where new dawn is being created. The source will be used to describe the behavior of different
people in war-stricken settings. It will help develop the characters and show their contribution to
either bringing about peace or war.
Achebe, Chinua. The trouble with Nigeria. Heinemann, 1984.
This source describes the revolutionary spirit depicted by Nigerians against the colonial
rule. It focuses on two characters, Maria and the husband, Jonathan Igwebu. Eastern Nigeria is
chosen as the main setting where war had just stopped. According to the source, the life of
Jonathan Igwebu is drawn clearly enabling the source to be used while describing the main
characters in the short story. The topic of destruction is provided describing Jonathan’ house
which required renovation for his family to return and stay. The source also provides an insight
into the level of optimism and hard work portrayed by Jonathan to reconstruct a peaceful
environment to live in. According to the author, the spirit of hard work and optimism lead to a
great and peaceful setting. This is shown in the example where Jonathan and his wife are in
terror but still manage to stand strong, and on-demand Jonathan gives the thieves whatever they
want. The source is suitable for use in describing the different type of people in society and the
actions that should be taken to ensure peace rather than war.
Innes, Catherine Lynette. Chinua Achebe. Vol. 1. Cambridge University Press, 1992.
Catherine Lynette Innes describes Chinua Achebe’s writing through analyzing the
Nigerian culture, politics and the interaction with the western culture and powers. This source
explains the cons that arise with politics and the effect that it may cause to people. The culture of
the Nigerians is described mainly through the use of various characters. Some of the characters
are patriots and advocates of peace while some such as the thieves who terrorized and asked
Jonathan for $100 are described to be enemies of peace. This source can be used in the research
to explain how a culture can affect the order and the demerits of political instability on a
country’s unity. The source also describes the civil war as a bridge to glory and peace describing
it using the works “watershed for Nigerians.”
Carroll, David. Chinua Achebe: novelist, poet, critic. Springer, 1990.
This source focuses on two main aspects. First, Chinua Achebe’s biography regarding
him at the time of writing the short story, and second the Nigerian Civil war. The author, Carroll
D mainly examines the content in Chinua Achebe’s short novel, civil peace. The author
describes the short story as an enlightenment for the instances that took place after the civil war
in Nigeria. This source would be crucial for use in my research as it provides a plot summary of
the short story, a character overview describing most characters in the story, and the historical
context describing what inspired the author to write the story. The source provides essential
information that would enable the developing of an informed research paper. For example,
regarding the historical context, the reference describes Chinua Achebe as a novelist who had
most of his inspirations from events such as the Biafran War. The struggle for survival during
such times by people also acted as a great inspiration and so did he think of a character such as
Works cited
Achebe, Chinua. “Civil peace.” Achebe, Girls at War (1971): 82-88.
Achebe, Chinua. The trouble with Nigeria. Heinemann, 1984.
Achebe, Chinua, and Simon Gikandi. The Chinua Achebe Encyclopedia. Greenwood Publishing
Group, 2003.
Carroll, David. Chinua Achebe: novelist, poet, critic. Springer, 1990.
Innes, Catherine Lynette. Chinua Achebe. Vol. 1. Cambridge University Press, 1992.
Running head: CIVIL PEACE
Once Upon a Time/Civil Peace
Alexis Holsey
Professor Ogletree
English 202
Author: Chinua Achebe
Title: Civil Peace
This short story written in the year 1971 is fit to be done in an academic setting and in for
anyone going through a hard time. The author brings a clear picture of the civil war that occurred
in Nigeria and later the civil peace that followed. What exactly happens after the civil war and
what does it signify? The story depicts an outstanding character of one Jonathan Igwebu who,
after the civil war makes use of his bicycle by turning it into a taxi which earns him money. He
repairs his family’s house and moves them back in. In this short story, it is evident that hard work
pays and that a peaceful environment is a home to success. Writing on this topic will enable me
and others to appreciate the importance of optimism despite situations.
Civil peace begins by introducing a protagonist hero who goes by the name Jonathan
Iwegbu, and who portrays an optimistic attitude by being able to survive challenges after his
family and the nation at large have faced a terrible civil war. His family’s survival is one of the
causes of his happiness. We also find that he found his family’s bicycle where he had buried it.
And used it to serve his family as a means of transport and also a source of income. Jonathan
travels to Enugu where he finds his family. Though he was hoping for the best and expecting the
worst, he is amazed by finding out that only two doors had been destroyed. He, therefore, hires a
carpenter to repair the house where his family gets back to their house.
He is also reimbursed by the government the money he had lost during the war. But that
night he is awoken by armed men demanding their money back for they thought he was a
wealthy man. We see the armed men leader has trouble communicating fluent English but later
in the conversation, Jonathan decides to give them the money for he finds the money
unnecessary where the following morning they wake up and continues with their life as usual.
The significance of the topic
It talks about how those in power can be untrustworthy and how they abuse their power.
This occurred when an untidy military man threatened to take Jonathan bicycle by force and then
accepted to take a bribe. Even after the declaration of peace, the government-owned Coal
Corporation remains closed. The police and the watchmen refuse to help him during a robbery
incident. Jonathan’s success praises the power of positive thinking. We find this optimism first
when we are told that he had just lost his son, but he looks on the positive side of him being a
lucky and seeing the blessings he has received. Among them were the resurrected family bicycle
and his partially damaged “little zinc house” and the extra-Gracia money he received. Though he
had greatly received a blow by receiving a great loss during the war, he is able to separate from
the past and hope for the best in the future, and this allows him to succeed.
We can’t miss the point of war within the story. We can see that his house is still standing
though the neighboring area had been reduced into fragments. He accepts the destruction that
had been given by the war. Homeless people had gathered around the unopened mine hoping for
work and feeding what was in their small metal tins. The war had also resulted in the birth of
thief gangs. God is also invoked in this book where mostly referred to it as fate. Jonathan mostly
refers to positive outcomes as a miracle or a blessing. When he was in a bad situation, he would
that nothing puzzles God. Through this, he had freed himself from the agony of asking God why
certain events had happened to him as a result of the war.
The author was trying to define what happens during and after a war has occurred.
Therefore he chooses Jonathan to define those who are always optimistic and tries not to blame
anyone for everything that has happened. We are also in a position to see different characters in a
community. Different characters portrayed different people in the community we are in and how
people react when faced in by a calamity giving an example of war.
What would have happened if Jonathan’s character could have appeared just before the war had
come to an end?
What could have happened if Jonathan’s character was a total contradictory of what is portrayed
in the book?
Which other calamities could have been used to portray Jonathan’s best character?
Chinua Achebe. (1971). Civil Peace

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