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I’ve already finished and passed the research proposal. So what you have to do is work it out, write a research paper with the proposal. Below is the research proposal and the guidelines for the research paper.


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COM331 Rutgers How Media in the US Influence the Development of Gender Identity
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Research Paper Draft 1
Specifications: 5-6 double-spaced pages
12 point font, 1 inch margins
MLA format
No cover page
Must include 5 sources. At least one of the sources must offer a counter-argument.
Suggested Development:
Begin with an Introduction which should:
Include a statement of your Research Question
Mention the Theoretical Framework/s that you will use
Explain the nature and significance of your topic
End with your hypothesis
In the Body of the paper you should:
Define key terms and concept
Define the argument within which your research is intervening
Use case and theoretical materials together
Support claims with evidence
Use well-written paragraphs that open with a topic sentence and are narrowly focused
on a single issue
Put your authors in conversation with each other—most of your paragraphs should
reference at least two authors
You will not be ready to write a Conclusion yet, as you have much more research, reading, and
thinking to do
End with a Works Cited page, written in MLA format, on a separate additional page.
We will do peer reviews of this draft, and I will provide written feedback. I will not grade the writing,
but will give points in the Participation category for completing the draft completely and on-time.
Wenyu Zhang
Professor Dawn Lilley
Research Proposal Draft
The Topic
Gender identity is a societal construct that depicts the extent as to which one conforms to the
expectation of oneself in the society and it is mostly formed in adolescence. It is identifying as
belonging to a particular sexual orientation and not the other courtesy of the stereotypes set by
society. It is the sense of acceptance and belonging to the societal pressures. Media, the
communication channels play a significant role in forming and influencing people’s attitudes and
behavior, especially for children and youth. The influence of the media on the psychosocial
development of children is profound. Media content is significant in shaping children’s broader
beliefs about social roles, such as gender roles. Through a sociological theoretical lens, I will
analyze how to do media in the United States influence the development of gender identity of
children and adolescents. Also, I will figure out how do children learn about gender through media
and explore the role of television in children’s lives and the construction of their gender identity.
Research question and related questions
How do media in the United States influence the development of gender identity of children and
Through socially constructed ideas on what masculinity and femininity mean, individuals, come to
understand their gender from a young age. Such thoughts come through in media, popular, and
consumer culture and set norms about how we see and understand gender identities because of
their prevalence. Media offers opportunities to reflect on how gender norms and stereotypes are
performed and understood in our culture and everyday life.
How do children learn about gender through media?
Children often internalize gender role stereotypes from books, songs, television, and movies.
Television, however, is perhaps the most influential form of media. Research on television
viewing and socialization of children shows that TV has a significant impact on the lives of
children. Children grow and develop, acquire information and knowledge quickly. They assimilate
new media information as they form their cognitive abilities and accommodate it to what they
already know.
Does television contribute significantly to children’s lives and the construction of their gender
Television is the media’s most widespread form. If young children with developing minds watch
many hours of tv and remember how gender stereotypes are reinforced by television, it is not
surprising that children develop stereotyped beliefs. The ideas of children about how the world
works are derived from their experiences and the attitudes and behaviors they see around them.
This understanding may have been developed by the young child who believes that only women
are nurses and that only men are doctors because the first doctor he or she saw was a man who was
assisted by a female nurse. This idea of “man as a doctor, woman as a nurse” could have been
further reinforced by parents, books, friendly conversations, and television. This knowledge will
be incorporated into future perceptions if the child frequently meets such gender biases and gender
The Adopted Conceptual/Theoretical Framework
Children and media
I will be using theoretical sources to depict the relationship between children and the media.
Children make up more than 1/3 of the world’s population, and according to the latest statistics,
nearly half of the world’s population is under the age of 25. For hundreds of years, media have
influenced the development of children in different formats. Recent decades, however, have
witnessed an absolute explosion of new media technologies and the rapid adoption by all segments
of society of these technologies, especially internet and cell phone technologies. As a result,
today’s media forces are unprecedented in their omnipresence and ability to influence and shape
the developing minds of children. Recent decades, however, have witnessed an absolute explosion
of new media technologies and the rapid adoption by all segments of society of these technologies,
especially internet and cell phone technologies.
Television as a medium of communication
Television is one of today’s world’s most popular forms of communication. Everyone in the world
owns a TV and watches it every day for at least 1 hour. This is a sign of the success of this form of
communication. News and films are a great way to keep up with the times and new types of
communication by watching television shows. For entertainment, fun, relaxation and to keep up
with the news around the world, television is used. This form of communication gives you the
chance to learn about worldwide events.
Television and gender roles
Media plays a significant role in creating social norms because various media forms, including
advertising, television, and film, are present in current culture almost everywhere. As an example,
gender roles exist only because they are accepted by society as a whole, but the media perpetuate
them. Television has a significant impact on gender roles and gender stereotypes as the most
pervasive form of media.
Role of television in children’s gender development
The TV has a socializing influence on the attitudes of children towards gender roles. In turn,
gender role stereotypes seen on television are reinforced by parents, friends, and school,
contributing to the child’s sense of what it means in society to be male or female. TV sends strong
and compelling messages about gender roles that are approved by society, often stereotyped,
biased, and outdated. Children are exposed to more and more examples of such gender biases and
stereotypes as they continue to develop and grow.

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