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DirectionsRead Finkelman (2016), Chapter 13: Improving Teamwork: Collaboration, Coordination, and Conflict Resolution, section on Negotiation and Conflict Resolution, pp. 324-333.Write a 5-7 page paper (not including the title or References pages). Follow APA format. Consult your APA manual, and consider using the APA resources provided by Chamberlain. Cite the course textbook and two scholarly sources. You are required to complete this assignment using the productivity tools required by Chamberlain University, which is Microsoft Office Word 2013 (or later version), or Windows and Office 2011 (or later version) for MAC. You must save the file in the “.docx” format. Do NOT save as Word Pad.Observe nurses in a care delivery setting. Identify a recurring conflict with the potential to negatively impact patient care. This should be from your practice setting or prelicensure experiences.Provide details of what happened, including who was involved, what was said, where it occurred, and what was the outcome that led you to decide the conflict was unresolved.REVIEW AND DISCUSS the four stages of conflict as found in Finkelman. IDENTIFY AND EXPLAIN how the stages of conflict relate to the example in your workplace.Do not use direct quotes.Describe how you would collaborate with a nurse leader to reach consensus on the best strategy to deal with the conflict. Besides the textbook, the paper needs to summarize conflict resolutions from two scholarly articles. Describe the rationale for selecting the best strategy.Provide a summary or conclusion about this experience or assignment and how you may deal with conflict more effectively in the future.Rubric:CriteriaRatingsPtsThis criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeDetailed description of conflict, including type of conflict60.0 ptsAfter an introduction paragraph, paper thoroughly provides observations of conflict in practice setting. The paper thoroughly states if negative outcomes were observed and identifies the specific type of conflict observed. It provides details of what happened, including who was involved, what was said, where it occurred, and what was the outcome that led you to decide the conflict was unresolved.53.0 ptsAfter an introduction paragraph, paper clearly provides observations of conflict in practice setting. It clearly states if negative outcomes were observed and identifies the specific type of conflict observed. It provides some details of what happened, including who was involved, what was said, where it occurred, and what was the outcome that led you to decide the conflict was unresolved.48.0 ptsAfter an introduction paragraph, the paper provides observations of conflict in practice setting. It briefly states if negative outcomes were observed and identifies the specific type of conflict observed. It provides few details of what happened, including who was involved, what was said, where it occurred, and what was the outcome that led you to decide the conflict was unresolved.23.0 ptsAfter an introduction paragraph, the paper provides observations of conflict in practice setting. It does not state if negative outcomes were observed or identifies the specific type of conflict observed. It provides few details of what happened, including who was involved, what was said, where it occurred, and what was the outcome that led you to decide the conflict was unresolved.0.0 ptsAfter an introduction paragraph, the paper does NOT provide observations of conflict in practice setting. It does not state if negative outcomes were observed or identifies the specific type of conflict observed. It provides NO details of what happened, including who was involved, what was said, where it occurred, and what was the outcome that led you to decide the conflict was unresolved.60.0 ptsThis criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeStages DescribedFour stages of conflict and relationship to identified conflict, Describes stages and their relationship to identified conflict40.0 ptsPaper thoroughly outlines the four stages of conflict, as described in Finkelman, and how the stages relate to the example35.0 ptsPaper mostly outlines the four stages of conflict, as described in Finkelman, and how the stages relate to the example.32.0 ptsPaper outlines the four stages of conflict in a fair manner, as described in Finkelman, and does a fair job explaining how the stages relate to the example.15.0 ptsPaper minimally outlines the four stages of conflict, as described in Finkelman, and minimally explains how the stages relate to the example.0.0 ptsPaper does not outline the four stages of conflict as described in Finkelman. It does not state how the stages relate to the example.40.0 ptsThis criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeBest strategy for conflict resolution and collaboration with a leaderStrategy for resolution of conflict identified. Discusses collaborative efforts with a nurse leader to resolve conflict. Besides the course textbook, the paper cites two scholarly sources.60.0 ptsPaper describes in excellent detail a strategy for conflict resolution and collaboration with a nurse leader to resolve conflict. Besides the course textbook, the paper cites two scholarly articles.53.0 ptsPaper describes in good detail a strategy for conflict resolution and collaboration with a nurse leader to resolve conflict. Besides the course textbook, the paper cites one scholarly article.48.0 ptsPaper describes in fair detail a strategy for conflict resolution and collaboration with a nurse leader to resolve conflict. Only cites the course textbook. It cites an additional source but NOT a scholarly article.23.0 ptsPaper minimally describes a strategy for conflict resolution and/or collaboration with a nurse leader to resolve conflict. Only cites the course textbook and no additional sources.0.0 ptsPaper describes NO strategy for conflict resolution and collaboration with a nurse leader to resolve conflict. It does NOT cite the course textbook or other sources.60.0 ptsThis criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeConclusion or SummaryProvides a conclusion or summary about the learning experience and how this assignment will provide guidance for future conflict resolution skills20.0 ptsPaper provides a thorough conclusion or summary and description of plans for dealing with conflict in the future.18.0 ptsPaper provides a good summary and description of plans for dealing with conflict in the future.16.0 ptsPaper provides a fair conclusion or summary and description of plans for dealing with conflict in the future.8.0 ptsPaper provides a minimal summary and/or description of plans for dealing with conflict in the future.0.0 ptsPaper does not provide a conclusion or summary and NO future plans for dealing with conflict.20.0 ptsThis criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeClarity of WritingContent is organized, logical, and with correct grammar, punctuation, spelling, and sentence structure10.0 ptsContent shows excellent organization, logical, and grammar, punctuation, spelling, and sentence structure are correct9.0 ptsContent is mostly organized, logical, and grammar, punctuation, spelling, and sentence structure have minimal errors.8.0 ptsContent is fairly well organized, logical and grammar, punctuation, spelling, and sentence structure have some errors.4.0 ptsContent is minimally organized, but may lack logic. Several errors occur in grammar, punctuation, spelling, and sentence structure.0.0 ptsContent is disorganized and writing has numerous grammar, spelling, or syntax errors resulting in difficulty reading and understanding the ideas10.0 ptsThis criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeAPAAPA formatting is apparent. References are properly cited within the paper; reference page includes all citations; proper title page and introduction are present.10.0 ptsExcellent APA formatting is apparent, References are properly cited within the paper. Reference page includes all sources; proper title page and introduction are present and. Few errors are noted.9.0 ptsGood APA formatting is apparent, References are mostly well cited within the paper. Reference page includes all sources; proper title page and introduction are present and some errors are noted.8.0 ptsOnly fair use of APA formatting is present. References are cited in fair format within the paper. Reference page includes all sources; proper title page and introduction are present several errors are noted.4.0 ptsMultiple APA formatting errors exist. References are not present for all cited sources; citations are not present for all sources on reference page. Many errors are noted.0.0 ptsAPA formatting was not used. More than 15 errors are noted.10.0 ptsTotal Points: 200.0PreviousNextTeams and TeamworkHave you heard the saying, “No man is an island…?” (Donne, 1624). Well, this certainly applies to our work settings in healthcare. No one works in isolation. We are continuously depending on others for assistance. Teams are critical for us to ensure integration and coordination of care. Teams represent structure, and teamwork is a function they perform. Structure and function must coexist peacefully.As nurses, we work in teams all the time. Various nursing care delivery systems have been used over the years, and Finkelman (2016) provides a nice discussion of these with which most nurses are familiar. One method of teamwork used to address quality care issues in healthcare organizations was developed by the U.S. government. As noted in Finkelman (2016), TeamSTEPPS is an evidence-based practice model designed to enhance a team’s performance. Four skills are imperative to this model: leadership, situation monitoring, mutual support, and communication. For additional information, go to http://teamstepps.ahrq.gov/. (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. More and more nurses are being exposed to this system as an example of interprofessional and intraprofessional team involvement. It is a structured approach for the team to analyze and develop solutions for a healthcare quality concern. The parallels between the nursing process, decision making, and problem solving are discussed throughout this course.Collaboration, Coordination, Communication, and ConflictLet’s look at some key leadership terms individually. Skills, knowledge, and attributes or attitudes related to each of these is imperative to the functioning of all teams and to a nursing leader’s success.CollaborationThe importance of collaboration in healthcare today cannot be overemphasized. Collaboration is one of the critical skills needed by every nurse, regardless of the specialty practiced or the environment where that practice occurs.Barriers to effective collaboration can result from lack of trust, conflict between professions and disciplines, lack of effective communication skills, and lack of interpersonal skills, including respect for the other’s expertise.Collaboration skills that are needed to provide high-quality, safe care, including being aware of one’s personal feelings on an issue, problem solving, effective communication, assessment of the needs of the patient or team, and negotiation.The topic of collaboration has been integrated throughout the lessons and assignments for this course. Collaboration cannot be overemphasized in today’s environment where patients interface with providers and services. CoordinationNurses coordinated care long before there were other disciplines, such as social workers, physical therapists, occupational therapists, and so forth. Coordination is really seeing that all the pieces of the puzzle fit. Nurses in all settings are involved with coordination whether they realize it or not. Coordination of care today is much more complex. It involves working across services, disciplines , and clinicians in a variety of settings.Today, more and more nurses are employed as case managers. Case managers are employed by hospitals, health systems, insurance payers, the government, and various other agencies to coordinate care and reduce healthcare expenditures. Primary skills needed by those who coordinate care by nurses in all settings include, but are not limited to, the following. Their skills of assessing and planning care, identifying resources, problem solving, communication, collaboration, and evaluation are all components of this specialty area. Nurses are in an ideal position to collaborate with other disciplines and coordinate care across the healthcare continuum.CommunicationNurse leaders need to communicate at many levels with many different kinds of people. Knowing how and when to communicate in person, in writing, or electronically are essential skills. A leader will have difficulty influencing others if communication skills are poorly demonstrated.The duties of the nurse as either manager of patient care or manager of the care environment, amplify the importance of good communication skills. The majority of the nurse’s time is spent in some form of communication: listening, speaking, or writing. Creating a culture of safety begins with a cohesive team that communicates well in order to serve patients and meet the organization’s goals. How many times have we heard the comment, “The problem was due to lack of communication?”In today’s global healthcare environment, diversity is an important consideration in communication. It is important for the nurse leader to assess the communication needs and readiness of the intended population in order to prevent barriers or misunderstandings. What are the values, beliefs, age, gender, experiences, and primary language of the intended recipient of a message? One of the best ways to assure successful communication is through active listening, seeking understanding, and clarifying that the message sent is the message received.Effective communication is critical in creating a culture of safety. Sensitivity to culture when communicating with colleagues and employees (members of our teams) is essential for avoiding misunderstanding and conflict.ConflictWho likes and thrives on conflict? Many people (including nurses) do not and will go to great lengths to avoid it. Conflict management skills have become indispensable, though, in the modern healthcare workplace and are an important part of the change process. Conflict helps people recognize legitimate differences within an organization or profession and serves as a powerful motivator to improve performance and effectiveness, as well as satisfaction. In this sense, conflict can be viewed as a positive tool for moving a team forward in achieving the desired outcomes.Conflict, when managed skillfully, can spark creative change for the organization, the staff, and the patient. Some of the leader’s most important work will be helping staff to manage conflict skillfully. Managing it well is a conscious and creative effort that requires honesty and courage.Causes for conflict are as varied as the patients, staff, and organizations involved. The four stages of conflict are depicted in our text (Finkelman, 2016) and are worth reviewing.Felt conflict is one of the most anxiety-provoking stages and is a challenge for the nurse leader to ascertain and with which to deal.Although the main goal is to create a win-win solution for all parties involved, this outcome is not possible in all situations. The manager’s goal then is to “manage conflict in a manner that lessens the perceptual differences that exist between the involved parties” (Huston & Marquis, 2009, p. 495). A consensus has been achieved when both parties can agree to live with the solution.Successful leaders strive to create a work environment where conflict may be used as a conduit for growth, innovation, and productivity. The leader’s approach to conflict management is the key determinant of whether the outcomes of conflict are beneficial or detrimental to a patient or an organization. There are numerous ways to manage and resolve conflicts. Different methods are effective with different people in different situations.You will have an opportunity to explore conflict and conflict resolution in the Conflict Resolution paper assignment.Nursing Care ModelsFinkelman (2016) does an outstanding job discussing nursing care models and professional nursing practice within these models. What are nursing care models? Simply stated, models assist nurses with getting the work of nursing done. There are various models outlined in Chapter 4. Seasoned nurses will recognize some the nursing models presented from an historical standpoint. Those with less experience will find information about these models to be severely outdated and the terminology unknown. Newer models may be less familiar to the seasoned RN but right on from the newer nurse’s perspective.Regardless of the model or models in place at one’s place of employment, working in teams seems to be a common theme.Your Nursing Care Models paper assignment, due at the end of Week 5, gives you an opportunity to explore various models. It is not too early to review the guidelines, grading criteria and grading rubric located in Course Resources.Simon Says “Wow, the readings were very heavy this week. I am glad I didn’t volunteer to do any overtime. I learned from the readings and will apply what I learned on my Conflict Resolution paper. Conflict is everywhere. I realize my first written assignment is due by midnight on Sunday (Mountain Time). I just have to put some finishing touches on it. I am so glad I began this assignment early. I noticed that the second assignment is due in a couple of weeks. This term is flying.”SummaryA key term covered this week and emphasized in all the readings is collaboration. Collaboration of care is paramount to delivery of care. For collaboration to occur smoothly, the composition of teams was reviewed and the emphasis of core competency 2, working in interdisciplinary and interprofessional teams, was emphasized. Key functions, including teamwork, coordination of care and services, and the role of conflict resolution, were reviewed. The importance of communication skills is a challenge in our very complex society.ReferenceDonne, J. (1624). Meditation 17. Devotions upon emergent occasions. Retrieved from http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/donne/meditatio…Finkelman, A. (2016). Leadership and management for nurses: Core Competencies for quality care (3rd ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson. Huston, C. & Marquis, B. (2017). Leadership Roles and Management: Functions in Nursing (9th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

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