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1) write about a national or global issue that you feel strongly about. This could be something positive or something you would like to see changed or improved. WRITE COUPLE OF PARAGRAPH2) read the article attached and linked below. Based on the information and any other sources you want to use, formulate an argument and stance regarding this topic. This could be something positive or something you would like to see changed or improved. (READ DATA SHOW ALLEGATIONS OF SEX ABUSE OF MIGRANT CHILDREN FILE).… WRITE COUPLE OF PARAGRAPH3) read the two articles attached to this assignment and develop an argument based on this information. You want to be able to submit this argument to Eastfield College’s student newspaper, The Et Cetera, so the argument should have a connection to college students and/or the Dallas County Community College District/Eastfield College. ( READ CE-HOMELESS IN PLAIN SIGHT AND CE-ACTIVIST SURVIVES STREETS(1).DOCX FILES)The argument itself can be something positive already in place or something you would like to see changed or improved.WRITE YOUR OWN OPINIONS IN AT LEAST 2 PARAGRAPH.


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Data Show Allegations of Sex Abuse
of Migrant Children
From October 2014 to July 2018, Health and Human Services and the
Department of Justice received more than 5,850 complaints of sexual
abuse and harassment
By Colleen Long
Published 9 minutes ago
Jose Luis Magana/AP
U.S. Public Health Service Commissioned Corps Commander Jonathan White testifies before the House
Judiciary Committee on the Trump administration’s separation policy involving migrant families on Capitol
Hill in Washington, Feb. 26, 2019.
Thousands of accusations of sexual abuse and harassment of migrant
children in government-funded shelters were made over the past four
years, including scores directed against adult staff members, according to
federal data released Tuesday.
The cases include allegations of inappropriate touching, staff members
allegedly watching minors while they bathed and showing pornographic
videos to minors. Some of the allegations included inappropriate conduct
by minors in shelters against other minors, as well as by staff members.
Rep. Ted Deutch, D-Fla., released the Health and Human Services
Department data during a hearing on the Trump administration’s policy of
family separations at the border. The data span both the Obama and
Trump administrations. The figures were first reported by Axios.
From October 2014 to July 2018, the Office of Refugee Resettlement, a
part of Health and Human Services, received 4,556 complaints. The
Department of Justice received an additional 1,303 complaints, including
178 allegations of sexual abuse by adult staff.
Beto O’Rourke Talks Migrant Separation Policy With Oprah
Former Texas Rep. Beto O’Rourke shared a stage with Oprah Winfrey to talk about the migrant family
separation policy enacted by the Trump administration in 2018. During a closed portion of the interview,
O’Rourke said he would announce his decision about a 2020 presidential run “before the end of the
month,” suggesting he was leaning toward it….
Read more
(Published Wednesday, Feb. 6, 2019)
Health and Human Services officials said the vast majority of allegations
weren’t substantiated, and they defended their care of children.
“We share the concern,” said Jonathan White, a Health and Human
Services official who was in charge of the effort to reunify children with
their parents, testifying before the House Judiciary Committee on
Tuesday. “Any time a child is abused … is one time too many. We abide
fully with the laws this Congress has passed, and we are very proud of our
outstanding track record of full compliance including referring every
allegation for investigation. The vast majority of investigations prove to
be unsubstantiated.”
The Office of Refugee Resettlement manages the care of tens of
thousands of migrant children. More than 2,700 children were separated
from their parents over the summer at the border, and were placed in
shelters. But most of the children in government custody crossed the
border alone.

House Targets Family Separations in First Trump Subpoena
Children are placed in government custody until they can be released to
sponsors, usually a parent or close relative, while awaiting immigration
proceedings. The shelters are privately run under contracts with the
Youth are held for increasingly longer periods of time, currently about
two months. As of the first week of February, more than 11,000 migrant
toddlers, children and teens were in federal custody as unaccompanied
minors, up from about 2,500 detained children three months after Trump
took office. Tens of thousands of children cycle through the system each
Sexual abuse allegations are reported to federal law enforcement, though
it’s not clear whether anyone was charged criminally. In many cases, staff
members were suspended and eventually fired.
More Migrant Families Separated Than Initially Reported
Thousands more migrant families may have been separated than the government initially reported, a
watchdog group said, possibly due to ongoing problems keeping track of children.
(Published Thursday, Jan. 17, 2019)
Deutch said the data were clearly alarming.
“Together, these documents detail an unsafe environment of sexual
assaults by staff on unaccompanied minors,” he said.
Health and Human Services officials say all allegations must be reported
to the Office of Refugee Resettlement, child protective services and the
FBI, and all allegations involving adults to local law enforcement. The
department must cooperate with all investigations.

Advocates Say US Still Separates Migrant Families Needlessly
Facilities must provide training to all staff, contractors and volunteers.
Background checks are completed on potential employees, and facilities
are prohibited from hiring anyone who has engaged in inappropriate
sexual behavior.
Copyright Associated Press
This story was published Feb. 26, 2019.
21 FEB 2019
Graphic by David Silva and Manuel Guapo/The Et Cetera
Homelessness and housing insecurity have joined food insecurity, debt and inability to pay for textbooks
and tuition on the list of financial struggles plaguing the campuses of American colleges and universities.
Nationally, 14 percent of students struggle with some form of homelessness, according to a fall 2016
study conducted by the Wisconsin Hope Lab.
While the Dallas County Community College District does not present the same tuition burden as fouryear institutions across the U.S., it is still affected by this national trend of students struggling to find a
place to sleep.
Eastfield counselor Katie Neff said it’s hard for students to focus on their academics when they’re having
to worry about food and housing.
“It impacts, psychologically, students who don’t have the basic foundation of food, shelter, being able to
have clothes,” Neff said. “If somebody’s living in their car, couch surfing, there isn’t that stability for them.
That can make it difficult or challenging for them to focus on their studies or complete their homework.”
According to the Hope Lab survey of the district, 11 percent of students in the DCCCD were found to be
Among those who indicated homelessness, 6 percent surveyed — almost 4,500 students — went at least
one night without knowing where they would sleep.
Nearly 1,500 students said they stayed in a shelter and about 2,240 said they stayed in an abandoned
building, a vehicle or another place not intended to be a house.
Finding resources
While the DCCCD has plans to create student residential facilities that may help alleviate housing
insecurity, there is currently little in Dallas County directed specifically at assisting college students find a
place to sleep or call home. There are shelters, but none specifically for homeless college students.
Neff said that in the meantime, it’s important for the DCCCD to connect students in need of housing with
resources that are available.
She keeps a list of local shelters on hand, complete with phone numbers, addresses and websites and
encourages students to contact the DCCCD Navigators, a team of staff dedicated to helping students with
anything from registering for orientation to getting food, clothing and shelter.
Brochures and flyers directing students to aid are especially useful because many of these students don’t
have internet access outside of campus, Neff said.
Lisa Cook, a navigator working specifically with Eastfield, said most on their team have been students at
DCCCD schools, so they have a special understanding and empathy for the things students are going
“We are there for anything the students need,” Cook said.
When it comes to housing insecurity, food insecurity or other troubles outside of college, navigators help
students work through My Community Services, a program designed by the company Aunt Bertha to
connect DCCCD students to resources.
Students can access My Community Services themselves, but Cook said navigators can help determine
which resources best fit their needs.
Craig Satterfield, executive dean of student enrollment and services at the DCCCD LeCroy Center, said
the navigators are also interested in making sure students going through hard times have support with
their academics.
“If a student is, for example, facing homelessness or is currently homeless, we experience that
sometimes there are other issues that carry over into their academics, and we need to talk to them about
how their classes are going,” Satterfield said. “It carries over into their work life. We’ll have a discussion
about how is the student as a whole needing any other assistance.”
Deeper roots
Homelessness does not always start in college. After8ToEducate, a social services group partnered with
the Dallas Independent School District, estimates 4,000 Dallas ISD students are homeless, 500 of them in
high school.
“That’s a conservative estimate,” After8ToEducate executive director Hillary Evans said. “That includes
couch surfers, individuals that might be living in motels. It’s really blurred. I think a lot of youth don’t even
know they’re homeless under the federal definition. There’s also a stigma attached to being homeless and
maybe wanting to fly under the radar.”
Starting late spring or early summer, the organization’s Fannie C. Harris Youth Center will begin offering
beds to homeless students enrolled in the Dallas ISD, focusing on high school students.
For now, the center offers a drop-in center where youth aged 14-21 can shower, do their laundry, eat hot
meals and get clothes for school.
It will soon offer social services to help students find stable housing and connect high schoolers with
colleges or technical programs.
While there are no formal partnerships with colleges and universities in the area specifically to help high
school students transition to higher education, that is something Evans hopes to see in the future.
The resources for college students in the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex are fewer and not as focused or
New studies
Urban Theory, a task force founded by Tarrant County College project manager Jesse Herrera, is one
group studying student homelessness and trying to find solutions.
“We already know some broad things that are contributing to this particular problem,” Herrera said.
“We’ve got a decent understanding of some of the challenges they’re dealing with and how to frame some
potential solutions for the problem.”
While Urban Theory is still a young group — he licensed the group four years ago but started work in
earnest last year — Herrera thinks they have a chance to impact students not only at Tarrant County
College but across the metroplex.
The group’s work on student homelessness is still in the research phase, but Herrera said they should
have enough information to begin planning by the second quarter of this year.
So far they’ve found that most students impacted by housing insecurity are 18 to 25 and don’t come from
any specific type of demographic.
Students consistently report coming from hostile environments in interviews conducted by Urban Theory.
Many students became homeless trying to flee a violent home environment, in many cases some form of
domestic abuse.
“The home that they go home to isn’t very safe and isn’t conducive to education,” Herrera said. “It could
be a significant other who is verbally abusive or physically abuse or both. It could be the same with a
sibling or a parent. In one case we actually had a mother who had verbally abusive children, so it made
her home somewhat hostile.”
Many students will sleep in their cars, couch surf and spend as much time on campus as they can. Some
end up on the streets and a few are utilizing shelters, Herrera said.
Shelters, though, can also prove to be hostile environments to students. Some students have told Urban
Theory that policies, such as no texting or computer use in the shelter, make it difficult to study.
Herrera expects that many of the findings in Fort Worth will be the same in the rest of the metroplex.
While Urban Theory has been working alone to analyze data gathered thus far, Herrera would like to
partner with researchers and nonprofits for more scientific results to his study.
He’s also looking for organizations willing to share data and work together.
Existing initiatives
Other organizations across the U.S. have had success in helping to relieve homeless insecurities on
One organization, Students 4 Students, was founded to help homeless students when doctoral candidate
Louis Tse at the University of California Los Angeles noticed a large homeless population on campus and
wanted to come up with a solution.
The organization is run by 200 volunteers attending UCLA with help from 100 community leaders, college
administrators and faith leaders. Its $65,000 annual budget comes mostly from donations and grants, with
philanthropists pitching in big, according to Lori Klein, executive director of Students 4 Students.
Students 4 Students’ Bruin Shelter offers 10 beds to students without places to sleep as well as food and
assistance in connecting with resources. The organization is run almost entirely by volunteers, most of
them students or alumni of UCLA.
To date, the organization has sheltered 36 students, 90 percent of whom have either graduated or are still
enrolled according to Klein.
She said the organization could serve more students if they didn’t allow people to stay as long as they
need, up to an academic year. But the current policy allows them to make a deeper impact on students,
she said, giving them a safe place to study and sleep without worrying about their next meals. That
impact is what the Bruin Shelter is all about. It’s connected an additional 200 students with resources to
help with affordable housing, food and other needs.
“College students have enough to worry about just graduating,” Klein said. “When there are students that
are homeless and trying to figure out where their next meal is coming from, where they’re going to sleep,
when they’re not getting that sleep, it’s really hard to focus and maintain that GPA.”
Getting students to graduate is the main focus of Students 4 Students. To help with that, the services go
beyond just housing.
Social work and medical majors volunteer to put residents of Students 4 Students in touch with resources,
while other volunteers help with food and other essential needs. The organization is eager to share their
Klein said the focus will stay in Southern California for now — Students 4 Students is working to open a
Trojan Shelter with the same design as the Bruin Shelter in the near future — but would like to eventually
help others from outside the region start similar projects.
19 FEB 2019
Mayra Fierro and Caleb Bay collect basic necessities from Bay’s car to give to someone sleeping in a blue tent
under the Genesis Benefit Thrift Store entrance on Feb. 9. Photo by Yesenia Alvarado/The Et Cetera
Saturday morning cartoons seem to be forgotten in the digital age, but not at Deep Vellum Books.
On this particular Saturday, a group of seven women, ranging in age from teenagers to young adults,
crunch on Apple Jacks, Rice Krispies and Froot Loops while watching 1990s cartoons on a small
projector screen.
As the X-Men go head to head against a group of underground mutants and Wolverine pines over Jean
Grey, the leader of the group asks the women to join her in an activity about the themes of identity within
the cartoons.
“Take a step forward if you identify as a Democrat or Republican,” the leader says.
The entire group steps forward.
“Take a step forward if you identify as big or small.”
All but one steps forward.
“Take a step forward if you identify as rich or poor.”
Only two members step forward.
“Turn around,” the leader says to the group. “How far did we walk out?”
The group sees that they’ve been separated into a large circle. The leader explains that while identities
can make someone unique, they can also divide people with more commonalities than they realize, just
like the X-Men vs. the underground mutants.
Their activity was meant to examine identities “outside of binaries,” the leader said. The conversations
that ensued ranged from discussions of minorities battling internalized oppression to how the group views
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez as a role model.
The group laughs as they compare Ocasio-Cortez to their leader, and how their leader “bothers”
representatives in the name of activism.
The group’s leader, Mayra Fierro, started Cereal and Civil Rights to bridge two of her favorite pastimes:
activism and watching Saturday morning cartoons. When she’s not drowning in homework, the 29-yearold Eastfield student spends much of her free time fighting as an activist for the rights of LGBTQ and
homeless youth.
She’s been a part of both communities.
In the summer of 2007, Fierro had just returned home from her first year at Eckerd College, a private
liberal arts college in St. Petersburg, Florida. She was only 17 at the time (she skipped the seventh grade)
and was unhappy with her experience there.
Even with a scholarship and financial aid, her family struggled to keep up with the school’s $38,000-ayear tuition and Fierro found the environment at Eckerd to be an unhealthy one. Drug abuse ran rampant
on campus, and Fierro said it was common to see students with “softball-sized balls of opium.”
Worst of all, Fierro was homesick and getting depressed. One of the only times she’d feel truly happy was
when she found time to destress and call her high school crush, Rubi Guizar.
Guizar and Fierro met for the first time in health class at high school. Fierro would always walk in late,
lean back in her chair and leave her feet on her desk.
Guizar did not like her at all. She thought Fierro was conceited, but after talking to her more through a
mutual friend, Guizar warmed up to her.
“Eventually, I always found myself around her,” Guizar said. “I saw that she was different, willing to talk to
anyone and she wasn’t into the high school cliques.”
One night, while at Eckerd, Fierro finally went out on a limb and texted Guizar asking her if she would be
her girlfriend. They had been close friends for nearly three years by then, and Guizar said yes.
There was just one problem with their newfound relationship: Fierro had never come out to her parents
and she was raised in a strict, Catholic home.
While back home, Fierro wanted to take Guizar out. On one occasion when they wanted to see a movie,
Fierro’s father refused to let her go out, despite her telling him that she was just going out with friends.
Her father had grown suspicious about her sexuality by this point. He’d known she liked to spend almost
all her free time with Guizar.
Feeling rebellious, Fierro decided to leave anyway and walked to a nearby bus stop later that afternoon.
Before her ride to freedom came, however, her parents drove to the bus stop and found her.
Fierro’s mother stood by and watched as her father violently beat her at the bus stop. Before he left, he
pulled out a knife and cut off her ponytail.
Fierro hopped on the next evening bus and headed downtown, not really caring where she ended up. She
wound up in South Dallas late that night.
Under the dim streetlights, Fierro found her beacon of hope: a 24-hour Williams Chicken. She ordered a
two-piece chicken combo, called her uncle, and sat and waited by the drive-thru window.
Around 2 a.m., her uncle picked her up and let her stay on his couch for a few days. Bouncing between
his house, other relatives and local friends, Fi …
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