1.Read and review the ideas set forth about revision in Longman chapter 92. Read the paper3. Leave in-text comments on the draft: 2 items per paragraph that deal with organization and content, 1 item per paragraph that deals with sentence structure and/or grammar4. Answer in detail and in complete sentences each of the peer review questions on pages 132 and 133 of Longman textbook.
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Name: Omer Waheeb
Professor: Cynthia luna
Course : ENGL 120/020-0035/0036, Spring 2019
The Role of Education
The issue of the purpose of education is controversial among different people. Whether
the goal of being educated should be influenced by the potential wealth and power of an
individual or on increasing equality or character is a debate. The opinion concerning the issue
lies in the argument that the goal of education is to focus on equality and character. This
argument is supported by the fact that the scarcity of high-quality education in the world for most
children. Also, the government plays a critical role in ensuring that education is provided to all.
Therefore, its goal should emphasize equality. Lastly, since education has great value for all
children under the system, it should be influenced by increasing character and equality.
The scarcity of high-quality education should ensure that the education itself is purposed
by equality and character. The scarcity to education is fierce in the United States with
competition for admission in highly esteemed colleges. Therefore, the selection of those who
succeed or fail in securing an admission should be based on equality and character rather than
their wealth or power. However, the demonstration for education opportunities in the U.S and the
society we live in is that it is limited to those families that can afford housing or tuition for their
children. Also, since education is supposed to provide social change, this social change should
result in inequality in opportunities and character. Like Dr. Martin Luther King argued,
education should be affordable to all despite the social backgrounds of the person (King Jr).
The educational opportunities available in all levels of learning are regulated by the
government. Therefore, since education is under the control of the state, it should be able to
reach the vast majority of the children countrywide wide despite their gender, race or religion.
The law requires the government to treat all its citizens with equal respect and concern.
Therefore, they should not discriminate in various regions by providing limited resources to
education. In addition, those opportunities should not be determined by the potential wealth and
power of individuals, institution or counties. Considering the benefits that children gain from
education, equality in education should be the most powerful mechanism used by the states in
influencing the lives of its citizens (Coleman).
Education has both an intrinsic and instrumental value for not only students but society as
a whole. Also, the Supreme Court once stated that it is doubtful for any child to succeed in life if
denied an opportunity in education (Coleman). This clearly illustrates that the value education
has on people is significant. Therefore, such value cannot be influenced by those with money or
power. Instead, it should be driven by the aim of instilling equality and character in individuals.
On the other hand, education does impact society positively as it benefits from productive and
knowledgeable workers. Such aspects bring about the issue of who should access quality
education and how it should be distributed. It is only wise and critical that these opportunities
ought to be provided to all children to enhance character and equality.
The education domain will be a much better place if it is driven by the aim of achieving
equality and character. This is supported by the value education has on people and society. Also,
the government can only show its concern for the people by providing equal education
opportunities to all without discrimination based on wealth or power. Additionally, the scarcity
of education requires its resources to be allocated equally across all regions and institutions.
Education is different from other social needs since it provides every child with equal
opportunities and the potential to succeed in life.
King Jr, Martin Luther. “The purpose of education.” The maroon tiger 10 (1947): 123-124.
Coleman, James. “The concept of equality of educational opportunity.” Harvard educational
review 38.1 (1968): 7-22.
Name: Omer Waheeb
Institution: : Cuyamaca College
Professor’s name: Cynthia Luna
Course: ENGL 120/020-0035/0036, Spring 2019
Date : 03/17/19
The education system is one of the most important sectors in the world today. This is
because the importance of education is continually being emphasized and therefore parents find
the need to educate their children. There are public schools and private schools. However, in
these schools students from all walks of life meet and interact irrespective of where they come
from. Their main aim is to receive an education and that is what they focus on. However,
challenges come from all over. This can be in the form of peer pressure, financial challenges and
stability challenges. However, some challenges or rather things that limit students from realizing
their full potentials are easily overlooked. Teacher for one can either impact students negatively
or positively. Teachers can be presented as a disadvantage and also a disadvantage. There are
two arguments relating to this issue. The first one is that teachers have failed underprivileged
students and the other one opposes it stating that underprivileged students have as many
opportunities as others have and teachers are not to be held responsible (Goldstein, et al. 1998).
It is so quick for people to assume that the state in which underprivileged students are in
or rather their poverty is what makes them not to perform exceptionally well in school. This is
the assumption made by so many people in today’s world. When a child coming from an unstable
home does not perform well, we end up blaming it on where he or she comes from. This is also
the case when they perform well. However, most people do not sit down and ask themselves if
the children are actually influenced by their teachers. See, this negative impact does not come
from being looked down upon only but by also being treated differently. Some teachers actually
have good intentions. They give the students space and time or go easy on them just because they
are facing, challenges at home. While this might be helpful, it can actually prove to be harmful
(Howard, et al. 2001). The student may end up relaxing and this could impact their studies
negatively. So in this case, have the teachers not failed the students by being complacent, who is
to blame educators should, therefore, teach students how to recognize and grab a chance if they
have it. Their well-meaningless can actually end up to be harmful.
Teachers have also failed underprivileged students by not digging deeper. In most cases,
teachers will automatically assume that all their students are doing okay. However, one of the
characteristics of a good teacher is to ensure that his or her students are actually doing okay. This
will necessitate a background check to know what he or she will be working with. However, in
most cases, some children are so good at masking things. A child may be going through a lot but
chooses to pretend and assume everything is fine. In today’s system, most teachers are concerned
with offering guidance and ensuring understanding. This is only teaching. Students need much
more than this. They need friendships or rather connections between them and their teachers and
this is especially the underprivileged children. They need to have someone they can actually
count on instead of a representation of someone or in this case robots. Children need connection.
In conclusion, these challenges are not faced by underprivileged children alone.
However, this is where the stone hits the hardest. Underprivileged children should be taken care
of and looked after just as much as the other children are. These limitations cannot be blamed on
the teachers only but also the education system. The education system will be a better place if the
above factors will be considered. The challenges would have been eliminated and our children
are given a good opportunity to actualize their dreams (McIntyre, et al. 2016).
Myers, K., & Goldstein, H. (1998). Who’s failing. No Quick Fixes: perspectives on schools in
Howard, A. (2001). Students from poverty: Helping them make it through college. About
Campus, 6(5), 5-12.
Evans, S., & McIntyre, K. (2016). MOOCs in the humanities: Can they reach underprivileged
students?. Convergence, 22(3), 313-323.
Name: Omer Waheeb
Professor: Cynthia luna
Course : ENGL 120/020-0035/0036, Spring 2019
Despite the doubt that most students have about college education, it is still worth it, and
it pays off. Although there is an increase in the loan debts for students’ school fees, college is
still worthwhile. From an economic perspective, the earnings that an individual with a bachelor
degree obtains are sufficient to pay back the loans. Most students have questioned the worthiness
of college due to the high rates of unemployment in the economy as well as the rise in the loan
debts. However, college graduates earn 80% more compared to those who lack the degree, and
they have less chance of being unemployed (Webber, 4). Also, students who believe and totally
disagree with college being a worthy investment should consider the future impacts. In the
future, it’s forecasted that the earnings gaps will continue to widen and the gap will be based on
whether an employee has a degree or any post-training.
Argument supporting why college is worthwhile
On the other hand, for those who have obtained a degree, their levels of job satisfaction in
life are much higher unlike those without a degree. This is because they are allowed to get into
their desired fields of interests. Therefore, it is undoubtfully worth it to invest in college and owe
debts in order to gain a degree on a course you are passionate about. For those students who are
motivated by the financial returns on the investments, then they should critically analyze the
potential payoffs of the degree they wish to pursue and determine if they pay off. For instance,
the research Firm PayScale has established a chart that compiles about 900 degrees in America
and their estimated financial payoffs (Oreopoulos and Uros).
Also, there are benefits that come with going to college apart from economic rewards.
College may pay off in various distinct ways that the lack of experience may not offer. This is
especially for those who either met their spouses or made friends in college. Such individuals can
have a hard time saying that the college degree was not worthwhile. This is because, for most
students, their first post-college jobs are usually accessed through the connections they have with
their classmates, lecturers, and supervisors (Webber, 7). The connections and relations that a
student form in college is likely to grow further into the future. Such relations help in not only
securing a job but also providing business ideas on what to do or engage in, and this is how most
partnerships are formed.
On the other hand, the fact that colleges offer a wide range of opportunities that in many
times free is a worthy experience. Taking advantage of such opportunities to learn new skills and
form productive relations will pay off in the future. Also, we cannot ignore how college prepares
us for life and the challenges that people face. College enhances students to learn to live with
others, understand how different people are in the world. Additionally, it enables them to learn
how to work in teams which is the key to success in organizations.
Therefore, it’s not appropriate to apply a traditional cost-benefit analysis as to whether
college is a worthy investment. The value of college education is priceless from the knowledge
obtained, the people one meets and the accolades achieved. However, students should always
evaluate the type of courses they desire to undertake and foresee the potential financial pay off of
that degree especially if they are driven by primarily money factor. Critically assessing the
degree, the loans or other means of payment such as scholarships and the period it will take are
essential in concluding that college will be a worthy investment.
Oreopoulos, Philip, and Uros Petronijevic. Making college worth it: A review of research on the
returns to higher education. No. w19053. National Bureau of Economic Research, 2013.
Webber, Douglas A. “Are college costs worth it? How ability, major, and debt affect the returns
to schooling.” Economics of Education Review 53 (2016): 296-310.
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