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I have to chose and write 8 sources from my last essay(Source List with CARS Scores).I had already done 4 of 8, so I need help to do finish the rest.I attached my last essay.What I had already done:- “Are G.M.O Foods Safe?” – “10 Reasons to Avoid GMOs”- “Splice“- “What is genetic modification?”About the essay:- summarize the source (chapter, book, article, or the like).- identify the piece’s argument (or main point) & list 2-3 subpoints- use at least one quotes – discuss the source’s strengths and weaknesses. For instance,Is it credible?Is it accurate?Is it reasonable?Does it offer support?See the CARS Checklist – describe how this piece will contribute to your research project. (My research project is “Genetic modification will create the monster”)- Each annotation should be a ½ page to 1-page double-spaced
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Akari Setta
Amy Leonard
EWRT 2
De Anza Community College
February 24, 2019
Essay3 Rough Draft
Annotated Bibliography Prompt
Brody, Jane E. “Are G.M.O Foods Safe?” The New York Times. 23 April. 2018. Web. 17 Feb.
2019
This newspaper article informs us of the danger of genetically modified organism. It explains
that GMO alters the genes of an organism by inserting desirable traits to one organism to another.
For example, scientist may transplant a genes from a totally unrelated organisms such as fish that
lives in ice water into a spinach so that that spinach can grow in cold climate by having a genes
that can withstand the cold. These genetic transplantation from one unrelated organism to
another have gotten some people worried. Some of the concerns and complain that have been
given are their fear of unwanted changes in nutritional content as well as the unwanted
introduction of allergens and toxic effects on bodily organs. These concerns are reasoning as
people have common beliefs that if even the insects do not eat the crop that has been genetically
modified to be insect resistance, it must be dangerous for human consumption as well. Also, if it
affect on our health, it can be strong example that genetic modification will create the monster.
Smith, Jefferey. “10 Reasons to Avoid GMOs” Institution for Responsible Technology N.p.,
n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2019.
In this article, author mentions 10 negative points of genetically modified organisms, and it also
does offer information to support each points. I will use some of them for essay to make my
statement strong through finding many perspectives: it is unhealthy, contaminates forever,
increases herbicide uses, creates dangerous effects which produces new toxins and allergens,
harms environment and works against feeding a hungry world.
Splice. Directed by Vincenzo Natali, performances by Adrien Brody, Sarah Polley, and
Delphine Chaneac. Warner Brothers, 2009. DVD.
Both the couple of Clive and Elsa are scientists. They ignore law and ethics, and they experiment
to blend human and animal DNA and create a new life. The experiment is successful, a new life
creature is born. Clive and Elsa give the living body its name Drain and keep it secret so that no
one will know. She will rapidly grow into a beautiful woman. However, her growth does not
stop, and she transforms into a monster. This is example of statement that genetic modification
will create the monster, and this explains people it is not safe for sure.
“What is genetic modification?” Genetic modification: The New Zealand approach. The
ministry for the Environment Manata Mo Te Taiao. Jun 2004. Web. 15 Feb. 2019.
In this article, author explains about what genetic modification is, what type it has, and who and
what will get affected by it. A genetically modified organism is a plant, animal, insect or microorganism whose genetic make-up has been changed using modern laboratory techniques. This is
accurate since information is fact, not the opinion. I will use this as definition of genetic
modification at beginning of the essay.
Setta 1
Akari Setta
Amy Leonard
EWRT 2
De Anza Community College
February 17, 2019
Essay 2
Source List with CARS Scores
1. Frankenstein’s Cat: Cuddling Up to Biotech’s Brave New Beasts
CARS score: 16
Readability level: 52
Source’s argument: Throughout the book, Frankenstein’s Cat: Cuddling Up to Biotech’s
Brave New Beasts, Anthes offers some wise ways of usage of biotechnology.
Note: She shows many advantages and disadvantages of adapting biotechnology into our
daily lives, explaining many facts by presenting some cases where scientists struggle to
utilize these technologies and how people benefit from them.
Works Cited
Anthes, Emily. Frankenstein’s Cat: Cuddling Up to Biotech’s Brave New Beasts. Scientific
American / Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2013.
2. Monsters and the Moral Imagination
CARS score: 16
Readability level: 48
Source’s argument: According to the article, people tend to create monsters to express their
fears as well as to test their sense of morality.
Note: Asma explains that to project humans’ idea is significantly useful way because human
vulnerability is unchanged; which means that as long as human beings are flourishing in this
Setta 2
world, there is no way for people to escape from their fears. People can realize again what
they fear for by projecting their emotions into monsters.
Works Cited
Asma, Stephen T. “Monsters and the Moral Imagination” Monsters: A Bedford Spotlight
Reader, Edited by Andrew J. Hoffman. Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2016, pp. 61-66.
3. STAT-Harvard poll: Americans say no to ‘designer babies’
CARS score: 18
Readability level: 55
Source’s argument: According to the statistic given by the STAT-Harvard poll, Americans
have mixed views on genetic technologies such as germline editing also known as “designer
babies”. It is a controversial topic in the sense that many people are afraid of the unknown.
Note: (1) What does the public think about changing the genetic characteristics of unborn
babies? 26% of the people polled said that it should be legal to reduce the risk of developing
serious diseases and only 11% were for improving intelligence or physical characteristic. (2)
Does the public think the government should fund research on changing the genes of unborn
babies? 44% were for funding to reduce the risk of serious diseases while only 14% agreed
that it should be funded for intelligence and physical appearance. (3) Who does the public
think should decide whether or not to allow the genes of unborn babies to be changed?
Scientist: 53% , government officials: 9% , other/neither: 31% , refused:7% (4) Who has
undergone genetic testing, and why? Only 6% of adults have personally had a genetic testing
done. Reasons given were for concern about health problems for future and children to learn
about family history and heritage. (5) Is the public interested in taking a genetic test in the
future?56% said yes in taking the test if it could determine the likelihood of getting cancer
and Alzheimer’s disease. (6) What does the public think about gene therapy? 59% of
Americans think the food and Drug Administration should approve gene therapy treatments.
Setta 3
(7) Does the public think the government should fund research on gene therapy? Yes:59%
No:30%
Work cited
Begley, Sharon. “STAT-Harvard poll: Americans say no to ‘designer babies’” Stat News.
STAT. 11 Feb. 2016. Web. 05 Feb. 2019.
4. Are G.M.O. Foods Safe?
CARS score: 16
Readability level: 42
Source’s Argument: This newspaper article informs us of the danger of genetically modified
organism. It explains that GMO alters the genes of an organism by inserting desirable traits to
one organism to another.
Note: For example, scientist may transplant a genes from a totally unrelated organisms such
as fish that lives in ice water into a spinach so that that spinach can grow in cold climate by
having a genes that can withstand the cold. These genetic transplantation from one unrelated
organism to another have gotten some people worried. Some of the concerns and complain
that have been given are their fear of unwanted changes in nutritional content as well as the
unwanted introduction of allergens and toxic effects on bodily organs. These concerns are not
without reasoning as people have common beliefs that if even the insects do not eat the crop
that has been genetically modified to be insect resistance, it must be dangerous for human
consumption as well.
Work cited
Brody, Jane E. “Are G.M.O Foods Safe?” The New York Times. 23 April. 2018. Web. 17 Feb.
2019
5. Japan’s Nuclear Nightmare: How the Bomb Became a Beast Called Godzilla
CARS score: 12
Setta 4
Readability level: 50
Source’s Argument: This article discuss about the movie “Godzilla” which made by Japanese
film directors. In the movie, Godzilla, that was born from atomic bombing, represents as the
monster who destroys whole city.
Note: This can be used as example for argument that genetic modification cannot affirm
definitely safe for people’s health because genetics has changed naturally and can changed by
technology like Godzilla does.
Work cited
Brothers, Peter H. “Japan’s Nuclear Nightmare: How the Bomb Became a Beast Called
Godzilla” Monsters: A Bedford Spotlight Reader, Edited by Andrew J. Hoffman.
Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2016, pp. 51-60.
6. The Dangers of GMOs A Quick Guide On Monsanto & Toxic GMOs In Our Food
Supply
CARS score: 15
Readability level: 48
Source’s Argument: The effect of genetic modification of food.
Note: In the book, authors talks about genetic modification of food can occur consequences
to not only human but also other species and environment, so people should recognise its
problems and stop.
Work cited
Cardillo, Joey. The Dangers of GMOs: A Quick Guide On Monsanto & Toxic GMOs In Our
Food. Versatile Health, 2013
7. Frankenfoods? A ‘terrible word’ that could describe more foods than you might
realize
CARS score: 14
Setta 5
Readability level: 45
Source’s argument: Thoughts of people who agree with genetically modified foods
Note: David Zilberman, a professor of agriculture and resource economics at the University
of California, Berkley, explains that Frankenfood was “a terrible word, a stigmatisation word,
one that’s used to scare people… People are afraid of GMOs for little or no reason. GM is
simply a tool. Because it allows us to modify plants with far greater precision and control
then before, it will be very valuable.”
Works Cited
Cerier, Steven. “Frankenfoods? A ‘terrible word’ that could describe more foods than you
might realize” Pesticides and Food. Genetic Literacy Project. 13 Apr. 2018. Web. 04
Feb. 2019.
8. The Nazi Physicians as Leaders in Eugenics and “Euthanasia
CARS score: 21
Readability level: 59
Source’s Argument: This articles tells us of the eugenics movement that was prevalent during
the 1900s and its relevance today. Eugenics refers to science of improving the genetic quality
of a human population and discouraging other traits that are deemed unworthy.
Note:
Work cited
Grodin, Michael A., et al. “The Nazi Physicians as Leaders in Eugenics and “Euthanasia”:
Lessons for Today.” American Journal of Public Health 108.1 (2018): 53-57.
EBSCOhost. Web. 25 Jan 2018
9. Dolly: Scientific Breakthrough or Frankenstein’s Monster? Journalistic and
Scientific Metaphors of Cloning.
CARS score: 14
Setta 6
Readability level: 42.6
Source’s Argument: In this journal, Hellsten argues cloned sheep, Dolly, can be recognized
as a “mass products”, implying the inferiority of cloned animals.
Note: According to Hellsten, most people can find out monstrous implications into cloned
animals. She analyses some pieces of information from The Times and Nature, the famous
newspaper in the UK, to examine the metaphors, and she concludes that these metaphors
which can be connected to genetically modified animals would be able to present the
incompleteness even though those animals symbolize scientific breakthrough.
Work cited
Hellsten, Lina. “Dolly: Scientific Breakthrough or Frankenstein’s Monster? Journalistic and
Scientific Metaphors of Cloning.” Metaphor & Symbol 15.4 (2000): 213-221.
EBSCOhost. Web. 15 Feb. 2019.
10. The contaminated risk of GM crops
Source’s Argument: This article tell us of the threat of GMO contamination being touted as a
national security.
Note: GMO crops are presented as contaminated or impure and its essential that they do net
get mixed with the local crops that are grown in the respective country. Cross-pollination
among GMO crops and natural crops will have negative impact on the produce as consumer
wants a clear line drawn on whether the food they eat are GMO or organic. The author
believe that GMO contamination is no longer just about biophysical risks but also a threat on
its respective national identity and the culture of its own country.
Work cited
Hughes, Emma. “The contaminated risk of GM crops: Nationalism and the genetic
modification debate” Journal of public Affairs. 5.3/4 (2005): 251-262. EBSCOhost.
Web. 15 Feb. 2019.
Setta 7
11. Extinction Is Forever… Or Is It?
CARS Score: 19
Readability Level: 52
Source’s Argument: This journal article discusses de-extinction by cloning, utilizing DNA
from natural species, and importantly, the author would be in favor of cloning as the solution
for de-extinction.
Note: The author basically defines what is extinction and why it happens so often. She offers
that people should care for extinction and how they might be able to recover extinct species,
showing many pieces of evidence why we should care for.
Works Cited
Ogden, Lesley E. “Extinction Is Forever… Or Is It?” BioScience 64.6 (2014): 469-475.
EBSCOhost. Web. 15 Feb. 2019
12. Public opinion about genetically modified foods and trust in scientists connected
with these foods
CARS score: 18
Readability:55
Source’s argument: This statistical analysis by Pew Research Center cover on the public
awareness of GM foods.
Note: Some of the survey conducted shows that 33% of Americans believe that GM foods are
worse for their health while 32% stated that it is neither better no worse. There is also a
stronger notion among the younger population against the GM food. With 48% of young
adults aged 18-29 agreeing that GM food are worse for their health. One in six American or
16% feels that the issue of GM foods is a great deal while nearly half of them 46% says that
it’s not too much of a deal and that it does not exactly affect their daily lives.
Work Cited
Setta 8
Funk K. and Kennedy B. “Public opinion about genetically modified foods and trust in
scientists connected with these foods” The New Food Fights: U.S. Public Divides
Over Food Science Pew Research Center. 1Dec. 2016 Web 15 Feb. 2019
13. A project to bring back the extinct woolly mammoth is underway, but it will take
many years – and it will not be a mammoth, exactly
CARS score: 18
Readability level: 48
Source’s Argument: This newspaper articles talk about ambitious plan to revive the woolly
mammoth.
Note: According to Harvard geneticist George Church, lead scientist for the “Woolly
Mammoth Revival” project, he predicted that the mammoth is on the verge of resurrection in
the near future. In the simplest of terms, by placing a mammoth genes into an Asian elephant,
the closest living relative of the mammoth, they are able to modify the Asian elephant into
becoming a mammoth. However, there are concerns among the public of the risk and danger
posed to the Asian Elephant that are already under threat of extinction through their
experiments. There are also apprehension on being able to clone and revive an extinct
animals that may affect the biodiversity of the current habitat if it were to be reintroduced
again.
Work cited
Pilcher, Helen. “A project to bring back the extinct woolly mammoth is underway, but it will
take many years – and it will not be a mammoth, exactly” Earth. BBC. 22 Feb. 2017.
Web. 15 Feb. 2019.
14. 10 Reasons to Avoid GMOs
CARS score: 15
Readability level: 47
Setta 9
Source’s argument: The consequences of genetically modified foods
Note: There are some ideas to use for the essay about why genetic modification organisms is
negative: it is unhealthy, and it contaminates forever, increases herbicide uses, creates
dangerous effects which produces new toxins and allergens, harms environment and works
against feeding a hungry world.
Work cited
Smith, Jefferey. “10 Reasons to Avoid GMOs” Institution for Responsible Technology N.p.,
n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2019.
15. SPLICE
Source: Movie
Summary: Both the couple of Clive and Elsa are scientists. They ignore law and ethics, ad
they experiment to blend human and animal DNA and create a new life. The experiment is
successful, a new life creature is born. Clive and Elsa give the living body its name Drain and
keep it secret so that no one will know. She will rapidly grow into a beautiful woman.
However, her growth does not stop, and she transforms into a monster
Note: This is example of statement that genetic modification will create the monster, and this
explains people it is not safe for sure.
Works Cited
Splice. Directed by Vincenzo Natali, performances by Adrien Brody, Sarah Polley, and
Delphine Chaneac. Warner Brothers, 2009. DVD.
16. What is genetic modification?
CARS score: 12
Readability level: 40
Source’s Argument: In this article, author explains about what genetic modification is, what
type it has, and who and what will get affected by it.
Setta 10
Note: A genetically modified organism is a plant, animal, insect or micro-organism whose
genetic make-up has been changed using modern laboratory techniques.
Work cited
“What is genetic modification?” Genetic modification: The New Zealand approach. The
ministry for the Environment Manata Mo Te Taiao. Jun 2004. Web. 15 Feb. 2019.

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