I need assistance in completing my Finance project, I attached the instruction. Thank you!

500306.pdf

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Graded Project

Corporate Finance

CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION

2

Part 1: El Cap Climbing Company

Part 2: Mortgage Decision

Part 3: Can We Upgrade?

Part 4: Risky Business

2

3

5

6

GRADING CRITERIA

10

Submitting Your Project

11

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CORPORATE

FINANCE

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PAGE 1

CORPORATE FINANCE

INTRODUCTION

The purpose of this graded project is to bring together in a practical way some important

concepts you’ve learned in the course.

Once you’ve completed this project, you can perform similar analyses on other organizations. Some of the work for this project will be completed in Excel. Once you’ve completed

these problems in Excel, and if you’ve linked all your cells properly, you can reuse your

spreadsheets, only changing the inputs. Go to your student portal and download the

500306_Project_Files. This spreadsheet contains information needed to complete the

project. You’ll be submitting this Excel spreadsheet along with your project.

Part 1: El Cap Climbing Company

El Cap Climbing Company (ECCC) is a small startup that manufactures and sells

high-quality climbing gear in Fresno, California. The founder of the company, Leah,

has been incredibly successful, but hasn’t kept the company’s financial records as

well as she might have.

The initial investment for El Cap was provided by her friends and family, and was small.

However, current operations can’t meet the demand for the product, and Leah has plans

to increase both production and the number of storefronts.

These plans require a large investment from both equity and debt financing. The new

investors and creditors require detailed financial statements. Leah has hired you, a financial analyst, to prepare these statements and give insight into the financial position of

the firm. Leah has provided information from her bank statements, bills, and receipts in

an Excel spreadsheet, which is found in your downloaded project files. She explained to

you that taxes are paid at a rate of 30 percent, and dividends are paid at a rate of 40 percent. (Note: You can create the statements in the same Excel spreadsheet that has the

financial information. Be sure to let the instructor know if you choose to do this instead of

creating them in a Word document.)

Prepare the following:

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An income statement for 2015 and 2016

n

A balance sheet for 2015 and 2016

n

Operating cash flows for the two years

n

Cash flows from assets in 2016

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Cash flows to creditors for 2016

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Cash flows to stockholders for 2016

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B. Answer the following:

1. How would you describe the financial position of the firm in 2016?

Write a brief overview.

2. What do you think about Leah’s plans to expand?

Part 2: Mortgage Decision

In order to expand, El Cap Climbing Company (ECCC) is considering taking out a mortgage for a new store location, a nonresidential real property that includes land and a

building. Leah is unsure if she has the cash flow to take on any more debt. She asked you

to create a loan amortization schedule for the proposed mortgage loan. Then, you’ll create

a chart that represents the portion of each payment that goes toward principal and interest.

A. Prepare the following:

n

A loan amortization schedule

n

A chart showing the percentage of the payment applied toward the principal

and interest

Loan Amortization Schedule

First, you’ll need to create a loan amortization schedule in the downloaded Excel

spreadsheet. Create the table on the tab named “Part 2 Loan Amortization Sched.”

The following table illustrates the payments and interest amounts for a fixed-rate, 30-year,

$500,000 mortgage, at a five-percent interest rate. The monthly payment will be 2,684.11.

Payment

Number

Payment

Amount

5% Interest

Expense

Principal

0

Balance

Annual

Interest

Expense

500,000.00

–

1

2,684.11

2,083.33

600.78

499,399.22

2

2,684.11

2,080.83

603.28

498,795.94

…break in the sequence…

Totals

466,278.03

500,000.00

359

2,684.11

22.22

2,661.89

360

2,682.54

11.13

2,671.41

2,671.41

–

855.56

The table serves as an example of what you’ll create in Excel. Note that the table shows

only the figures for the first and the last year of payments; you’ll need to calculate the

amounts for the remaining payments, and fill them in.

Once you’ve determined how each of the amounts in the table is obtained, you can use

relative and absolute cell references to fill in the full 360 payments.

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The following is an explanation of the columns in the table:

n

Payment number—The first column in the table shows the 360 payments required

to pay off the mortgage loan (30 years, with 12 monthly payments per year).

n

Payment amount—The second column shows the monthly payment amount.

n

Interest—The third column shows the portion of the monthly payment that goes

to interest.

n

Principal—The fourth column shows the portion paid toward the principal.

n

Balance—The fifth column shows the starting balance of $500,000, and the

remaining balance each month after the principal is subtracted.

n

Annual interest expense—The last column provides a running total of the interest

expense on the mortgage for the entire 12-month period. It’s the amount that would

be reported on the financial statements.

n

Totals—The “Totals” under the “5% Interest Expense” and “Principal” columns

show the final totals for the 30-year life of the mortgage.

Mortgage Principal and Interest Chart

Next, you’ll create a chart following these steps. Create the table on the tab named

“Part 2 Chart.”

1. Start by selecting the Interest Expense and Principal columns. Make sure to

select the column headers and values. Don’t select the Totals row.

2. Click on the Insert tab and select a “Stacked Column.” Make sure to label the

x-axis (payment month) and y-axis (dollars), and include a legend for the two

values (interest and principal).

3. Your final chart should be set up similar to the chart below, with the data

populating the chart. (The increments don’t need to be the same).

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B. Answer the following:

1. How can you describe the relationship between time and the amount paid

towards principal and interest?

2. Knowing what we know about ECCC’s cash flow from Part 1, is it reasonable to believe that ECCC can take on this new debt?

Part 3: Can We Upgrade?

It’s now 2017, and El Cap Climbing Company (ECCC) has continued to grow. One of

ECCC’s major revenue-producing products is a spring-loaded camming device called

SLCD, or cams. It’s a device with a small handle (called the “trigger”) and two spring

loaded “cams” on an axle. When the trigger is pulled, the cams move together, decreasing

the size of the cams. It’s then inserted into a crack or pocket in the rock. When the trigger

is released, the cams expand. These cams are used as anchors when “trad” rock climbing.

ECCC currently has one set of cams on the market, and sales have been excellent.

The cams are lighter and perform better than their competitors. However, as with any

high-performance item, technology changes rapidly, and the cams are now falling behind

the competition.

ECCC spent $200,000 to develop a prototype for a new line of cams that has all the

features of the existing cams, but are made from an even lighter and stronger 7075-T6

aluminum alloy. The company has spent a further $150,000 for a marketing study to

determine the expected sales figures for the cam line.

ECCC can manufacture a set of the new cams for an average of $140 each in variable

costs. Fixed costs for the operation are estimated to run an additional $2.1 million per year

if the new project is undertaken. The estimated sales volume is 75,000, 85,000, 80,000,

70,000, and 65,000 per year for the next five years, respectively. The unit price of the new

cam set will be $240. The necessary equipment can be purchased for $10.5 million and will

be depreciated on a seven-year MACRS schedule. It’s believed the value of the equipment

in five years will be $1.1 million.

Production of the current cam line is expected to be terminated in two years. If ECCC

doesn’t introduce the new line of cams, sales will be 45,000 units and 25,000 units for the

next two years, respectively. The price of the cam set is $150, with variable costs of $95

each, and fixed costs of $1.5 million per year. If ECCC does introduce the new cams, sales

of the existing product will fall by 10,000 units per year, and the price of the existing sets

should be lowered to $120 each. Net working capital for the cams will be 22 percent of

sales and will occur with the timing of the cash flows for the year; for example, there’s no

initial outlay for NWC, but changes in NWC will occur in Year 1 with the first year’s sales.

ECCC has a 30-percent corporate tax rate and a required return of 10 percent. (Note: You

can create the solutions in the same Excel spreadsheet that has the data report information. Be sure to let the instructor know if you choose to do this instead of creating them in a

Word document.)

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Leah has provided you with a data report in an Excel spreadsheet that contains information

to answer the following questions:

1. What’s the payback period of the project?

2. What’s the profitability index of the project?

3. What’s the IRR of the project?

4. What’s the NPV of the project?

5. Should Leah accept the project?

6. If Leah needs to adjust the price of the product, what’s the lowest Leah could make

the price of the new cam set and still have a positive NPV project (keeping all other

assumptions the same)?

Part 4: Risky Business

Lastly, just for fun, El Cap Climbing Company (ECCC) is looking at determining their

sensitivity to market fluctuations.

Since ECCC isn’t publically traded and can’t look at their own stock history, they must

evaluate their competitors. Black Diamond Equipment is their closest competitor, but the

company doesn’t have enough trading volume to make any sound conclusions. Leah

identifies Callaway Golf Company (ELY) as ECCC’s closest publicly-traded competitor.

Even though ELY sells golf equipment, it too is a specialized company selling high-tech

sports equipment.

Finding Beta with CAPM

Note: This information is also in your textbook.

The CAPM is one of the most thoroughly researched models in financial economics.

When beta is estimated in practice, a variation of CAPM, called the market model, is

often used. To derive the market model, we start with the CAPM:

E(Ri) 5 Rf 1 β[E(RM) 2 Rf ]

Since CAPM is an equation, we can subtract the risk-free rate from both sides, which

gives us:

E(Ri) 2 Rf 5 β[E(RM) 2 Rf ]

This equation is deterministic—that is, exact. In a regression, we realize that there’s

some indeterminate error. We need to formally recognize this in the equation by adding

epsilon, which represents this error:

E(Ri) 2 Rf 5 β[E(RM) 2 Rf ] 1 ε

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Finally, think of the above equation in a regression. Since there’s no intercept in the equation, the intercept is zero. However, when we estimate the regression equation, we can

add an intercept term, which we’ll call alpha:

E(Ri) 2 Rf 5 αi 1 β[E(RM) 2 Rf ] 1 ε

The intercept term is known as Jensen’s alpha, and it represents the “excess” return. If

CAPM holds exactly, this intercept should be zero. Think of alpha in terms of the SML: If

the alpha is positive, the stock plots above the SML; if the alpha is negative, the stock plots

below the SML. You’ll first create a scatter plot and then perform a regression analysis for

ELY stock and the mutual fund. Then use those results to compare and analyze the results.

A. Scatter Plotting and Regression Analysis

Use the following steps to create the scatter plot:

1. Go to the Part 4 Stock Data tab in your Excel spreadsheet. Highlight

column K–M headings, then hold down the Ctrl button and select cells

K-3 through M-62.

2. Go to the INSERT tab, click on Scatter Chart, and select the first style.

3. Move the chart to the side of the data, and increase the size of the chart.

Click on the Chart Title and change it to Risk Premium Analysis.

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4. In the DESIGN tab, click on Quick Layout. Select the layout that gives you

the y formulas and the R2.

5. Move the y formulas and the R2 to the bottom right-hand corner of the chart.

Now use the following steps to create a regression analysis for ELY and for the

Mutual Fund:

1. First, check to see that you have the ability to run the analysis. Go to the DATA

tab in Excel, and look for the Data Analysis feature shown in the image below.

If you don’t see Data Analysis, you might need to add Analysis Toolpak

in Excel. For instructions on how to load the Analysis Tookpak into your

version of Excel, visit https://support.office.com/en-us/article/Loadthe-Analysis-ToolPak-6a63e598-cd6d-42e3-9317-6b40ba1a66b4.

Contact Microsoft Support if you have any issues with this add-in. Once

you’ve completed all these steps, you can continue with your project.

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2. Click on Data Analysis. A dialog box with a list of analysis tools will open.

Select Regression from the list and click OK.

3. Next, another dialog box opens for you to select your Inputs and Output

for the regression. Select the input data ranges by highlighting S&P Risk

Premium numbers (x-axes range) and the number for the asset you’re comparing as the y-axes range. Output to a new worksheet (do not type a name

in the text box). Select the check boxes for Labels, Confidence Level, and

Residuals. Click OK.

4. Your regression analysis will open in a new worksheet. Rename the

worksheet based on the premium being compared to the S&P premium,

for example: “ELY Regression Analysis.”

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B. Answer the following questions:

1. In this regression, Rt is the return on the stock and Rft is the risk-free rate for

the same period. RMt is the return on a stock market index, such as the S&P

500 index. αi is the regression intercept, and βi is the slope (and the stock’s

estimated beta). εt represents the residuals for the regression. The intercept,

αi, is often called Jensen’s alpha. What does it measure? If an asset has a

positive Jensen’s alpha, where would it plot with respect to the SML?

Rt 2 Rft 5 αi 1 βi [RMt 2 Rft ] 1 εt

2. Is the alpha of either ELY or the mutual fund significantly more or less than

zero? (Hint: The alpha is the intercept.)

3. How do you interpret the beta for the stock and the mutual fund?

(Hint: The beta is next to the coefficient.)

4. Which of the two regression estimates has the highest R-squared? Is this

what you would have expected? Use the scatterplot to explain why.

GRADING CRITERIA

Your project is worth a total of 100 points. Your instructor will use the following breakdown

of points for each portion of the project to calculate your final grade:

Part 1—

25 Points Total

Part 2—

25 Points Total

Part 3—

25 Points Total

Part 4—

25 Points Total

Interest: 4 points

Question 1: 3 points

Graph: 5 points

Principal: 2 points

Question 2: 5 points

Balance: 3 points

Question 3: 5 points

Display Amounts:

6 points

Operating Cash

Flows: 4 points

Annual interest:

4 points

Question 4: 5 points

Asset Cash Flows:

6 points

Sub Totals: 2 points

Creditor Cash

Flows: 2 points

Question 1: 2 points

Income Statement:

6 Points

Balance Sheet:

5 points

Stockholder Cash

Flows: 2 points

Graph: 5 points

Question 5: 2 points

Question 6: 5 points

Question 1: 4 points

Question 2: 2 points

Question 3 : 2 points

Question 4: 6 points

Question 2: 3 points

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Submitting Your Project

Each project is individually graded and therefore could take approximately five to seven

business days to grade. Be sure to submit the Excel spreadsheet with your answers and

any word documents.

Follow this procedure to submit your project online:

Make sure the following information is in the heading of each document:

n

Your name

n

Your email address

n

Your student number

n

Course name and number

n

Project number (50030600)

To submit your graded project, follow these steps:

1. Go to http://www.pennfoster.edu and log in to your student portal.

2. On your student portal, click on Take an Exam.

3. In the box provided, enter the project number. The number for this project

is 50030600.

4. Click on Submit.

5. On the next screen, enter your email address. (Note: This information is required

for online submission.)

6. If you wish to tell your instructor anything specific regarding this project, enter it in

the Comments.

7. Attach your file or files as follows:

a. Click on the first Browse box.

b. Locate the file you wish to attach.

c. Double-click on the file.

d. To attach the additional files, click on the next Browse box and repeat steps

b and c. Repeat until all files are uploaded.

8. Click on Submit.

Be sure to keep a backup copy of any files you submit to the school!

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