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The paper has to be 5 pages long not including the bibliography counted in those 5 pages ,double spabed, Chicago style paper. It has to have 3 reasons how society is being racist to black men with at least 5 citations with footnotes. It has to be done within 20 hours.

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Timothy Oglesby
October 4, 2012
AFRS 10: Introduction to Africana Studies
Fall 2012
Dr. T. Hasan Johnson
Images of Black Femininity
The exploitation of sexual innuendos and sexually charged lyrics becomes a predominant
way that distinguishes Black femininity. Substantially, Black femininity is often exploited as
hypersexual tendencies and stereotypical views of society. The term freak, nigger, bitch and
faggot are terms that have been stigmatized and derived to interpret different categorical
meanings of discrimination.
For instance, the term freak that was described as the beginning of the text, offers a
different meaning other than just being used as entertainment. The term also is described by
criteria of colonialism, science and uncivilized references of describing a category of people.
Through colonial eyes, primitiveness of African cultures marked the borders of extreme
Therefore, the definition of freaks in a black society initially was described as a person
who was abnormal in societal standards because of their appearance. Africans were described as
deviant hyper-heterosexuals that were not civilized. Consequently, the freak branches together
the meaning of nigger, bitch and faggot to formulate the conjunction of new racism. The terms
that were presented in the book creates a historical ideological justification of social racism that
is prevalent in society.
Historically these specific terms essentially accommodated the different experimentations
of “scientific” racism. The treatment of Sarah Baartman, forced medical experimentation on
slave women during gynecology’s early years, and the infamous Tuskegee syphilis experiment
illustrate how western sciences constructed racial difference by searching the physiology of
black people’s bodies for sexual deviance.2 These experimental attributes created an ideology
that blacks are primarily out of control animals that are hyper sexual and deviant. These
accusations created an animalistic interpretation of the black race.
Patricia Hill Collins, Black Sexual Politics: African Americans, Gender, and the New Racism (New York:
Routledge, 2005), 120.
Patricia Hill Collins, 120.
Images of Black Femininity
In addition, the new racism of society creates a structure that perceives hyper sexuality a
formidable mass media product. This image is a strong influence of the youth in today’s society
that initially represents social inequality
The Politics of Race and the Limits of Electoral Reform
This was chapter that explained how America’s political system was designed in the late
1800s. Descriptively, blacks identified themselves as republicans. For example, Frederick
Douglass was a primary candidate for the Black Freedom Movement and he also considered
himself a republican. Even though blacks considered themselves under the Republican Party,
they still developed a coalition with the Democratic Party organizations.3
Ideally, most black voters rejected the policies of the Democratic Party. For example, in
the election of 1940, their identification with the two major parties was divided equally (with
both at 42 percent), and the remainder (16 percent) classified themselves as independent and/or
members of other political parties.4 Political preferences rivaled each other for the placement of
political power. This also became a power struggle with conservative southern democrats and
Black republican movements.5
Furthermore, the New Deal became a legislative approach to realign the specific political
powers. Initially, the New Deal became a controversial approach for black equality in American.
Throughout the 1930s a significant number of African American leaders, on the left as well as on
the right were intensely critical of the Roosevelt administrations actions, such as the strict racial
segregationist policies implemented by the civilian conservation corps and the president’s refusal
to integrate the armed forces.6
Consequently, the political lay out of the Roosevelt administration refused the
implementation of racial reformation. Blacks were voting but not receiving the racial equality
from the elections.7
Manning Marable, The Great Wells of Democracy: The Meaning of Race in American Life (New York: Basic
Books, 2002), 69.
Manning Marable, 69.
T. Hasan Johnson, “The Prodigal God and the Legacy of Socially Responsible Hip-Hop” in Jay-Z: Essays on HipHop’s Philosopher King, ed. Julius Bailey et al. (Jefferson: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2011), 85.
Manning Marable, 70.
“New York State Archives,” New York State Archives, accessed October 22, 2012,
Images of Black Femininity
Booty Call… Images of Black Masculinity
This was a very interesting chapter that discussed the vernacular of the word booty.8
Foremost, the beginning of the chapter talks about the movie, “Booty Call”, which describes two
men that have conflicting views about having sex. Primarily it was a comedy movie that depicted
the two men constantly chasing the “booty” and again and again, has to deal with conflicts that
prevents them from receiving it.9
The term “booty call” is a term that is primarily used to describe a male in pursuit of a
woman for sexual gratification.10 Females also seek out these sexual desires to fulfill their sexual
Patricia Hill Collins, Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment (New
York: Routledge, 1991), p. 124.
Patricia Hill Collins, 162.
Patricia Hill Collins, Black Sexual Politics: African Americans, Gender, and the New Racism (New York:
Routledge, 2005), 48.
Images of Black Femininity
Collins, Patricia Hill. Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of
Empowerment. New York: Routledge, 1991.
___. Black Sexual Politics: African Americans, Gender, and the New Racism. New York:
Routledge, 2005.
Johnson, T. Hasan. “The Prodigal God and the Legacy of Socially Responsible Hip-Hop.” In
Jay-Z: Essays on Hip-Hop’s Philosopher King, edited by Julius Bailey. Jefferson:
McFarland & Company, Inc., 2011.
Marable, Manning. The Great Wells of Democracy: The Meaning of Race in American Life. New
York: Basic Books, 2002.
“New York State Archives.” Accessed October 22, 2012.

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