Part 2: Advancing Your Synthesis: Writing the Intermediate Draft of Your Literature ReviewOverview By completing your Part 1 Outline, you’ve done much of the preparatory work in analyzing, synthesizing, and organizing your intermediate draft. You have already analyzed the literature on your selected topic, synthesized how each source contributes to the current state of knowledge on your selected topic, and organized the current thinking that surrounds your research topic by key issues and sub-issues that address the intersections/connections and repetitions of the sources’ concerns regarding your research topic. Now you are ready, in Part 2, to advance your literature review by writing your intermediate Project 3 draft. Skills & Strategies This Part 2 Assignment will help you to demonstrate responsiveness within an established disciplinary context to new information, experiences, and ideas through a process of re-evaluating the ideas and/or approachesidentify and develop organizational strategies that contribute to the effective delivery of information and argumentanalyze rhetorical effectiveness of a variety of print and non-print sourcesevaluate relevant sources according to their contexts, rhetorical situation, usefulness, and credibility for specific research taskssummarize research sources through effective annotation, note-taking, quotation, citation, and paraphrasesynthesize disparate or conflicting thoughts when evaluating questions/problems to form cohesive and collaborative solutionsDescription (and Step by Step) Part 2 is a 1,000 – 1,200-word literature review draft that advances the current state of knowledge on your selected topic in an organized pattern. While the Part 1 Outline helped you to identify the sources’ contribution of knowledge on your research topic, frame your thesis statement, and define the key issues/sub-issues that will facilitate your organizing your literature review, the writing of the intermediate draft will extend your literature review as you more fully demonstrate the current state of knowledge surrounding your selected topic. At least six sources are required for this Intermediate Draft. Your six sources should include a combination of public and scholarly sources. The following steps will help you to further develop your Part 2 Intermediate Draft: Consider your purpose in writing the literature review: to demonstrate your understanding of the current state of thinking on your research topic by synthesizing various viewpoints and logically organizing information. In Part 2, you will aim for a clear and cohesive essay that integrates those key issues and literature details that reveal the current state of knowledge on your research topic.Begin with a creative title that reflects the current state of knowledge of your research topic.In the introduction, explain the overarching focus of your literature review and establish why your research topic being reviewed is important. Conclude your introduction with your thesis statement, the sentence or two that reveals the current state of knowledge. Divide the body of your literature review into the key issues and sub-issues you identified in your analysis of the current literature. As a reminder, these key issues and sub-issues represent the major themes, points, topics, important trends, intersections, and findings about which researchers agree or disagree. The key issues/sub-issues will represent an organized section of the literature review and will be used as a path for further discussion in the body of your literature review. Introduce each key issue/sub-issue with a topic sentence that describes the synthesis. Details that follow the topic sentence should describe the literature and include source identification and evidence in the form of examples, brief quotes, and paraphrases.Be sure to use clear transitions as you introduce sub-issues and sources.Provide source citations according to the required guidelines. Write a conclusion to your literature review that highlights the presented evidence and that demonstrates any possibilities for future research/action. Proofread your literature review. Helpful HintsFocus on analysis, rather than a summary/description of what research has been done.Divide body sections into key issues/sub-issues, rather than on the individual work of the researchers. Review the topic sentences of each paragraph to be sure that they link back to your thesis and demonstrate a logical progression of ideas and evidence from beginning to end.
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Al Rashdi 1
Hamood Al Rashdi
Ethics is the discipline concerned with moral good and bad. It is a system or theory of moral
principles and values.
How should we live life?
A. Shall we aim at happiness or at knowledge, virtue, or the creation of beautiful
1. Happiness is activity in accordance with reason.
2. Moral virtue is not the ultimate goal of life since it can coexist with unhappiness
a. Happiness is an activity involving both intellect and morality.
b. Some external factors are important to exercise happiness.
B. Is happiness the happiness of other people or our own happiness?
1. Our own happiness is derived from satisfaction of others.
A. People have the ability to be of good character and that ability is developed through
1. The sequence of human behavior raises the question of which is preeminent acts
or dispositions. This is distinguished through acts which create good dispositions
and acts which emanate from good dispositions.
Al Rashdi 2
2. Habits are developed through acting. A person’s character is developed from their
habits and these habits develop from what the person does.
3. Arête is a disposition from a capacity by the proper exercise of that capacity.
B. Virtue is the average between two extremes of excesses and defects with regard to
feelings and actions.
1. The mean is relative to the individual and the circumstances.
2. The level of virtue is different for different people based on their necessity.
3. Practical wisdom is the ability to see the right thing to do in the situation.
4. Pain and pleasure are powerful determinants of actions.
Human decency. This is essentially the regard for other human life.
A. Can we justify living in luxury while in other places of the world people suffer?
1. Part ethics is caring about other members of the society we live in.
2. The level of concern for how other people live differs for different people.
B. Is it wrong to destroy human embryo whole developing clones for humans
1. Human life is sacred and deserves respect at whatever stage of development.
2. Development of clones challenges the sanctity of human life.
The contemplative faculty. This is the exercise of perfect happiness in intellectual or
A. Reason is the highest faculty of human activity. We can partake in it longer that all other
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