we need to talk about the essay first and i will send you my blog. the third image show what’s our theme in this course.
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January 18, 2019 8:57 PM
Thank you for your ideas. I agree with your argument that there is a big difference in
the rate of employment between city and countryside in Japan. Undoubtedly, the
world has been experiencing the impacts bought by the financial crisis. So, the rate of
employment has become serious and complex problems around the world.
addition, most of the international companies or gigantic organization are in big cities
so that there are many companies with small- and middle size in small towns. As a
result, there are largely different between cities and towns. Therefore, besides Japan,
the rest of the world is also facing a similar dilemma and has no effective and proper
measures to deal with it.
January 25, 2019 10:32 AM
Hi,Lau. Thank you for your argument. I agree with your argument. The Meiji
government launches a variety of reforms that promote the social and economic
development of Japan, laying a foundation for Japan to become a major country in the
world. However, it is not easy to start the reform because of the complex and serious
situation that Japanese government has faced. Kunikida Doppo, as a famous novelist,
works out “The Shores of the Sorachi River” to establish the authority of Meiji
Emperor. Therefore, what a novelist writes is associated with a certain kind of
backgrounds.When we read “The Shores of the Sorachi River”, we can connect a
certain kind of background in the perspective of politics and economy.
January 31, 2019 9:40 PM
On June 1999, the Asahi newspaper published a short story written by one of the
acclaimed Okinawa writers Medoruma Shun. The typical brevity Medoruma shows in
the piece belie impact on the readers. Taking into account the formal and informal
aspect of the story, the short piece is a depiction of the everyday constraints in
Okinawa. Okinawa is highlighted as a small town (Island) where 75 percent of United
States military camp on less than one percent of Japanese soil.
According to Shun, the story revives the violent lifestyle of Okinawa’s people since
the end of Pacific War and the United States-Japan treaty. The story uses a rape case,
where three US army member’s rape a12-year old schoolgirl, “…the 12-year-old girl
was raped by the three American soldiers…” (23). The story showcases the
powerlessness of the Okinawan citizens after continued exploitation by the US and
Japan governments. Besides, the story shows the extreme action an individual takes in
revenge, and to lack of power.
The story is a depiction of how the presence of a toxic military power in Okinawa
affects the community. The younger members of the community are at risk. The
lives of the younger generation call for protection, even when it calls for attacking the
enemy beforehand. The story’s heartbreaking turn of events shows the extent that
Okinawa people ought to go to protect the lives of their children. With the narrator
giving the sad and breathtaking events that lead to the death of a boy. There is a need
to understand the psychological effect of battles. Parents and the community are
ready to strike back the abuse brought by the American power in Okinawa, “What
Okinawa needs now is not demonstrations by thousands of people or rallies by tens of
thousands but the death of one American child.” (21). The reading characterizes
Medoruma’s writing traits such as angry, refusing, and discontent, more importantly,
February 8, 2019 12:26 AM
According to Shu- Ling (2018) The Japanese who lived in twain during the colonial
administration did not have an opportunity to live in the region after the Second
World War. Many of them were forced to return back to a country that they had not
gone for quite a long time.
When Japan took over control of Taiwan, it reallocated some of its population to this
colony to help in administrative functions and to strengthen its control in the region.
Some of the Japanese who went to Taiwan shortly after its colonization never thought
of returning home and established their settlements in Taiwan. They gave birth and
raised their children in the cities of Taiwan. Just like other colonial authorities, the
Japanese invasion of Taiwan was not easily accepted by the locals. It interfered with
the traditional Chinese systems in the regions as the
Japanese’s installed their new
administrative systems. The Japanese also interfered with the local administration
and installed their new leadership under the governor general. The colonialist also
perceived themselves superior to the locals and therefore they were not happily
accepted in the region. Following the defeat of Japan by the American meant that
Japan had lost total control over their colonial territories. Some colonies such as
Taiwan were now beginning to call for their independence and therefore triggered
violence and hatred towards the Japanese’s who had settled in these colonies. The
Japanese who had lived in Taiwan after colonization had not only settled but also
accumulated wealth at the expense of the locals. However, when Japan was finally
defeated, the local Taiwanese were eager to evict the Japanese out of their lands
forcing these Japanese’s go back to their native country.
February 16, 2019 12:06 AM
After reading the article, I agree with you, the memoir was written indicated that the
society was oppressive. This was particularly evident in the “nonperson” status of
Fumiko which was as a result of not being recorded in any register. I also note that the
oppression also extended to schools where the students not recorded in any register
were not allowed to be bona fide students. This is a high level of oppression that does
not discriminate even the age of the individuals in the society. The children seem to be
the biggest losers as a result of this oppression displaying a society that views
oppression as a normal thing. I also side with you on the reason for the oppression in
the society. The government did not consider the children born out of wedlock to be
persons in the society.
They are thus oppressed in all aspects of the society as shown by how Fumiko is
treated both at home and school. In addition to the government playing a part in the
oppression of children born out of wedlock, the families with such children also
contributed. Fumiko was virtually an orphan and this shows the level of oppression
even in the family level. I also agree with you on the reasons of her death in prison, I
view the cause of her death as being contributed by the oppression and the
discrimination by the family which is evident in the article. Indeed oppression in
Fumiko’s society also contributed to the high level of poverty.
February 21, 2019 10:03 PM
During colonial times, Chinese girls were often sold to Japanese masters where they
worked as slaves often for the rest of their lives. As much as this trade was inhumane
and unfair, poverty led these girls into the hands of their masters in search of better
lives for their families and themselves. Motherhood played a vital role in this period,
as mothers taught their daughters how to live and work for their masters. Mothers and
grandmothers influenced the lives of their daughters. Guiya’s story tells it all since her
life and how she did things was just as her mother taught her. Just like other cultures,
Asian culture is no different in terms of mothers influencing their children and society
From the text Manchu Girl, it is clear that motherhood is a diverse term that does not
only refer to the parental mother but also the women who work hard and in
compassion to help make the lives of others better. China was a country that was
suffering and needed the help of Japan both politically and economically, but the
Chinese children also needed a mother to keep them safe. As represented by
Koizumi’s love and affection for Guiya through her intention to adopt her,
motherhood is universal, and it knows no race, economic class or political stand.
Motherhood is a matter of the heart, which involves the desire to help, to protect and
to take care of the disadvantaged in society. Motherhood influences the behavior, the
thoughts and the way individuals carry out their day-to-day activities, as seen by the
change of Guiya’s life as a result of her interaction with Koizumi.
March 1, 2019 9:58 PM
In the article you selected titled Zainichi grade school, Koreans discriminated in
Osaka reported that Miyuki-Dori shopping district is also known as Japan’s Korea
town in Osaka because of the large population of people of Korean origin inhabiting
the region. These people have lived in this town for almost five generations, and their
history traces back from Korean peninsula that was colonized by Japan. Zainichi
grade school had been offering Korean language and culture classes in nearly ninety
Zainichi Koreans who live in the center. However, as from 2011, the government of
Japan has stopped funding program that teaches Korean language and culture.
Teachers who had specialized in these areas are now likely to lose their jobs while
those who are still teaching are not receiving any salary. These decisions made by the
Japanese government without proper consultation indicate how the Japanese
government is promoting racial discrimination and tensions that the Zainichi faced in
the early 1990s.
I concur that those arguments in the article give a picture of about what has been
taught about the Zainichi residents. Japan has been very reluctant to admit racism
claims against the Zainichi people. These people who traditionally originate from
Korea landed in Japan as part of the human resource, forcefully acquired from Korea
to provide labor in Japan while some went to war. After their service, most of them
did not have where to g and therefore settled in Japan. The government of Japan
denied recognition and could not allow them to hold nation identification cards.
Prejudice against Zainichii people significantly spread across Japan during those
periods limited their opportunities in Japan
March 7, 2019 10:36 PM
It is true as you argue that Buraku people are still facing discrimination despite the
steps taken by the government. Buraku people are one of the most significant cultural
groups facing severe discrimination in Japan. Interestingly, their discrimination is not
because of either race or because they are a minority but because they are considered
to be an outcast group among Japanese communities. Outcastes in Japanese culture
are given demeaning responsibilities in the society such as slaughtering animals and
executing charged criminals.
With the establishments of social stratification system during the Edo era which
organized society into three classes including worriers, peasants, and townsfolk,
Buraku people landed at the bottom of the social classes, being categorized as
non-human (McLauchlan, 2003).The attempts by the government to salvage the
Buraku people from the chain of discrimination began in 1871 when the Meiji
Regime enacted the Emancipation Act which removed the lowest social classes.
Unfortunately, this only remained mere statements without action.
According to Buraku Liberation and Human Rights Research Institute (2012),
although these responses have slightly improved the living standards of Buraku
liberation league people compared to the past, there are still noticeable gaps between
Buraku liberation league people and other ethnic groups. Also, there are still many
cases of discrimination with marriage and employment being the most affected areas.
JPN/CPLT/AST 056 cultures of the Japanese empire
blog portfolio instructions
What’s it worth?
15% of your total grade
When’s it due?
Tuesday March 12, 2019 at 10:00 pm
Upload 1 document that has the following sections: 1) Cover Letter Reflection, 2) 3 Posts, 3) Assignment Feedback. See below for
instructions on each section.
Header on first page: your name, course title, professor’s name, and date
Use page numbers
All text in Calibri or Times 12, double spaced
Completion of all sections of the portfolio
Quality of the news post (clear, focused, articulate, and to the point) or response (clear, focused,
considered themes, sections, stayed on topic, thought through authorial or character intention)
Quality of the prose (sentence variety, word choice, grammatical coherence and mechanical correctness)
Creativity in argument, language, and approach
Ability (and/or potential) for stimulating interesting discussion
Section 1: 250 word (minimum) Cover Letter Reflection
Address a letter to your professor that introduces your work. The letter should begin, “Dear Dr. Page-Lippsmeyer,”
1 The first paragraph is the opportunity for you to frame your overall approach to the discussion blog and the assignment. In it you
want to summarize your approach to the three different blog posts (news, reading responses, comments).
2 After this short introductory paragraph, you should have at least three paragraphs where you answer the following questions:
2.1 Paragraph about news stories: Where did you look up the stories from? Were there similarities between the stories you
2.2 Paragraph about reading responses: Did you approach each reading response considering a specific theme? Why or why
not? How did you come up with what you were going to write? Review your responses: did you find over the quarter
themes appeared in any of your responses?
2.3 Paragraph about comments: What criteria did you use when you picked a post to respond to? What trends do you see in
your comments over the course of the quarter?
Section 2: Your posts from the quarter.
Choose one post from each category (a news story, a reading response, and a comment) that you believe is your best post (you must
use whole posts; you may not use parts of posts), and copy it into the file.
1 Posts must include a header that includes the week and time posted and the title of the discussion thread
2 Do not edit your posts
Section 3: 250 words (minimum) Blog Feedback.
This is your opportunity to comment on how well this assignment worked. Write one paragraph that comments on your thoughts of
the assignment. Some questions you might want to answer (but do not have to): What parts worked for you? What did you have
trouble with? Was there one section in particular that was helpful? If you had to do this in a class again, what would you want to
keep? What would you change?
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