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Part IYou should also include a one-page reflection for each personality test. A reflection may include whether you think the test results were an accurate depiction of you, what you thought of the test questions, or thoughts on the trait being measured. (There were 3 personality tests, all uploaded).Part IIConduct an interview with an older individual and write a four page paper detailing your experience. Ask them to tell you their life story. Begin the paper by describing who you interviewed, how you met them or know them. Based on your interview, assess their personality in terms of Erikson’s developmental theory. Be sure to explain Erikson’s theory as you describe it. How did they resolve the various stages? Where do you believe they fit now? You should also comment on other aspects of their personality, but be sure to spend at least half the paper on Erikson’s theory.Part IIIDescribe and reflect on your own personality in a 3-5 page paper. When doing so, include the following points:Relate your personality to at least 3 theories covered in this course. Describe each theory in detail.What environmental factors do you think shaped your personality?How has your personality changed over time? Relate your personality to one of the developmental frameworks.Some researchers believe you might manifest different behaviors in different situations. Give at least one example of this in your own life.APA formatting with references.


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Personality Test Center – IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300.
Personality Test Center
An insightful journey into personality

I P I P Report
This report compares Boo from the country USA to other adult women.
(The name used in this report is either a nickname chosen by the person
taking the test, or, if a valid nickname was not chosen, a random nickname
generated by the program.)
This report estimates the individual’s level on each of the five broad
personality domains of the Five-Factor Model. The description of each one
of the five broad domains is followed by a more detailed description of
personality according to the six subdomains that comprise each domain.
A note on terminology. Personality traits describe, relative to other people,
the frequency or intensity of a person’s feelings, thoughts, or behaviors.
Possession of a trait is therefore a matter of degree. We might describe
two individuals as extraverts, but still see one as more extraverted than the
other. This report uses expressions such as “extravert” or “high in
extraversion” to describe someone who is likely to be seen by others as
Personality Test Center – IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300.
relatively extraverted. The computer program that generates this report
classifies you as low, average, or high in a trait according to whether your
score is approximately in the lowest 30%, middle 40%, or highest 30% of
scores obtained by people of your sex and roughly your age. Your
numerical scores are reported and graphed as percentile estimates. For
example, a score of “60” means that your level on that trait is estimated to
be higher than 60% of persons of your sex and age.
Please keep in mind that “low,” “average,” and “high” scores on a
personality test are neither absolutely good nor bad. A particular level on
any trait will probably be neutral or irrelevant for a great many activites, be
helpful for accomplishing some things, and detrimental for accomplishing
other things.
Personality Test Center – IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300.
As with any personality inventory, scores and descriptions can only
approximate an individual’s actual personality. High and low score
descriptions are usually accurate, but average scores close to the low or
high boundaries might misclassify you as only average. On each set of six
subdomain scales it is somewhat uncommon but certainly possible to
score high in some of the subdomains and low in the others. In such cases
more attention should be paid to the subdomain scores than to the broad
domain score. Questions about the accuracy of your results are best
resolved by showing your report to people who know you well.
John A. Johnson wrote descriptions of the five domains and thirty
subdomains. These descriptions are based on an extensive reading of the
scientific literature on personality measurement.
To View PDF – Download
Personality Test Center – IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300.
Extraversion is marked by pronounced engagement with the external
world. Extraverts enjoy being with people, are full of energy, and often
experience positive emotions. They tend to be enthusiastic, actionoriented, individuals who are likely to say “Yes!” or “Let’s go!” to
opportunities for excitement. In groups they like to talk, assert
themselves, and draw attention to themselves.
Introverts lack the exuberance, energy, and activity levels of
extraverts. They tend to be quiet, low-key, deliberate, and disengaged
from the social world. Their lack of social involvement should not be
interpreted as shyness or depression; the introvert simply needs less
stimulation than an extravert and prefers to be alone. The
independence and reserve of the introvert is sometimes mistaken as
unfriendliness or arrogance. In reality, an introvert who scores high on
the agreeableness dimension will not seek others out but will be quite
pleasant when approached.
Domain/Facet…… Score
Activity Level……..73
Personality Test Center – IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300.
Your score on Extraversion is average, indicating
you are neither a subdued loner nor a jovial
chatterbox. You enjoy time with others but also time
Extraversion Facets
 Friendliness. Friendly people genuinely like other people and
openly demonstrate positive feelings toward others. They make
friends quickly and it is easy for them to form close, intimate
relationships. Low scorers on Friendliness are not necessarily
cold and hostile, but they do not reach out to others and are
perceived as distant and reserved. Your level of friendliness is
 Gregariousness. Gregarious people find the company of
others pleasantly stimulating and rewarding. They enjoy the
excitement of crowds. Low scorers tend to feel overwhelmed by,
and therefore actively avoid, large crowds. They do not
necessarily dislike being with people sometimes, but their need
for privacy and time to themselves is much greater than for
individuals who score high on this scale. Your level of
gregariousness is high.
Personality Test Center – IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300.
 Assertiveness. High scorers Assertiveness like to speak out,
take charge, and direct the activities of others. They tend to be
leaders in groups. Low scorers tend not to talk much and let
others control the activities of groups. Your level of assertiveness
is average.
 Activity Level. Active individuals lead fast-paced, busy lives.
They move about quickly, energetically, and vigorously, and they
are involved in many activities. People who score low on this
scale follow a slower and more leisurely, relaxed pace. Your
activity level is high.
 Excitement-Seeking. High scorers on this scale are easily
bored without high levels of stimulation. They love bright lights
and hustle and bustle. They are likely to take risks and seek
thrills. Low scorers are overwhelmed by noise and commotion
and are adverse to thrill-seeking. Your level of excitementseeking is average.
 Cheerfulness. This scale measures positive mood and
feelings, not negative emotions (which are a part of the
Neuroticism domain). Persons who score high on this scale
typically experience a range of positive feelings, including
happiness, enthusiasm, optimism, and joy. Low scorers are not
as prone to such energetic, high spirits. Your level of positive
emotions is average.
Personality Test Center – IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300.
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Agreeableness reflects individual differences in concern with
cooperation and social harmony. Agreeable individuals value getting
along with others. They are therefore considerate, friendly, generous,
helpful, and willing to compromise their interests with others’.
Agreeable people also have an optimistic view of human nature. They
believe people are basically honest, decent, and trustworthy.
Disagreeable individuals place self-interest above getting along with
others. They are generally unconcerned with others’ well-being, and
therefore are unlikely to extend themselves for other people.
Sometimes their skepticism about others’ motives causes them to be
suspicious, unfriendly, and uncooperative.
Agreeableness is obviously advantageous for attaining and
maintaining popularity. Agreeable people are better liked than
disagreeable people. On the other hand, agreeableness is not useful
in situations that require tough or absolute objective decisions.
Disagreeable people can make excellent scientists, critics, or soldiers.
Personality Test Center – IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300.
Domain/Facet…… Score
Your level of Agreeableness is average, indicating
some concern with others’ needs, but, generally,
unwillingness to sacrifice yourself for others.
Agreeableness Facets
 Trust. A person with high trust assumes that most people are
fair, honest, and have good intentions. Persons low in trust see
Personality Test Center – IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300.
others as selfish, devious, and potentially dangerous. Your level
of trust is low.
 Morality. High scorers on this scale see no need for pretense
or manipulation when dealing with others and are therefore
candid, frank, and sincere. Low scorers believe that a certain
amount of deception in social relationships is necessary. People
find it relatively easy to relate to the straightforward high-scorers
on this scale. They generally find it more difficult to relate to the
unstraightforward low-scorers on this scale. It should be made
clear that low scorers are not unprincipled or immoral; they are
simply more guarded and less willing to openly reveal the whole
truth. Your level of morality is average.
 Altruism. Altruistic people find helping other people genuinely
rewarding. Consequently, they are generally willing to assist
those who are in need. Altruistic people find that doing things for
others is a form of self-fulfillment rather than self-sacrifice. Low
scorers on this scale do not particularly like helping those in
need. Requests for help feel like an imposition rather than an
opportunity for self-fulfillment. Your level of altruism is average.
 Cooperation. Individuals who score high on this scale dislike
confrontations. They are perfectly willing to compromise or to
deny their own needs in order to get along with others. Those
who score low on this scale are more likely to intimidate others to
get their way. Your level of compliance is low.
 Modesty. High scorers on this scale do not like to claim that
they are better than other people. In some cases this attitude
may derive from low self-confidence or self-esteem.
Personality Test Center – IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300.
Nonetheless, some people with high self-esteem find immodesty
unseemly. Those who are willing to describe themselves as
superior tend to be seen as disagreeably arrogant by other
people. Your level of modesty is high.
 Sympathy. People who score high on this scale are
tenderhearted and compassionate. They feel the pain of others
vicariously and are easily moved to pity. Low scorers are not
affected strongly by human suffering. They pride themselves on
making objective judgments based on reason. They are more
concerned with truth and impartial justice than with mercy. Your
level of tender-mindedness is average.
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Conscientiousness concerns the way in which we control, regulate,
and direct our impulses. Impulses are not inherently bad; occasionally
time constraints require a snap decision, and acting on our first
Personality Test Center – IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300.
impulse can be an effective response. Also, in times of play rather
than work, acting spontaneously and impulsively can be fun.
Impulsive individuals can be seen by others as colorful, fun-to-be-with,
and zany.
Nonetheless, acting on impulse can lead to trouble in a number of
ways. Some impulses are antisocial. Uncontrolled antisocial acts not
only harm other members of society, but also can result in retribution
toward the perpetrator of such impulsive acts. Another problem with
impulsive acts is that they often produce immediate rewards but
undesirable, long-term consequences. Examples include excessive
socializing that leads to being fired from one’s job, hurling an insult
that causes the breakup of an important relationship, or using
pleasure-inducing drugs that eventually destroy one’s health.
Impulsive behavior, even when not seriously destructive, diminishes a
person’s effectiveness in significant ways. Acting impulsively disallows
contemplating alternative courses of action, some of which would
have been wiser than the impulsive choice. Impulsivity also sidetracks
people during projects that require organized sequences of steps or
stages. Accomplishments of an impulsive person are therefore small,
scattered, and inconsistent.
A hallmark of intelligence, what potentially separates human beings
from earlier life forms, is the ability to think about future consequences
before acting on an impulse. Intelligent activity involves contemplation
of long-range goals, organizing and planning routes to these goals,
and persisting toward one’s goals in the face of short-lived impulses to
the contrary. The idea that intelligence involves impulse control is
nicely captured by the term prudence, an alternative label for the
Personality Test Center – IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300.
Conscientiousness domain. Prudent means both wise and cautious.
Persons who score high on the Conscientiousness scale are, in fact,
perceived by others as intelligent.
The benefits of high conscientiousness are obvious. Conscientious
individuals avoid trouble and achieve high levels of success through
purposeful planning and persistence. They are also positively
regarded by others as intelligent and reliable. On the negative side,
they can be compulsive perfectionists and workaholics. Furthermore,
extremely conscientious individuals might be regarded as stuffy and
boring. Unconscientious people may be criticized for their unreliability,
lack of ambition, and failure to stay within the lines, but they will
experience many short-lived pleasures and they will never be called
Domain/Facet…… Score
Personality Test Center – IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300.
Your score on Conscientiousness is average. This
means you are reasonably reliable, organized, and
Conscientiousness Facets
 Self-Efficacy. Self-Efficacy describes confidence in one’s
ability to accomplish things. High scorers believe they have the
intelligence (common sense), drive, and self-control necessary
for achieving success. Low scorers do not feel effective, and may
have a sense that they are not in control of their lives. Your level
of self-efficacy is low.
 Orderliness. Persons with high scores on orderliness are wellorganized. They like to live according to routines and schedules.
They keep lists and make plans. Low scorers tend to be
disorganized and scattered. Your level of orderliness is average.
 Dutifulness. This scale reflects the strength of a person’s
sense of duty and obligation. Those who score high on this scale
have a strong sense of moral obligation. Low scorers find
contracts, rules, and regulations overly confining. They are likely
to be seen as unreliable or even irresponsible. Your level of
dutifulness is average.
 Achievement-Striving. Individuals who score high on this scale
Personality Test Center – IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300.
strive hard to achieve excellence. Their drive to be recognized as
successful keeps them on track toward their lofty goals. They
often have a strong sense of direction in life, but extremely high
scores may be too single-minded and obsessed with their work.
Low scorers are content to get by with a minimal amount of work,
and might be seen by others as lazy. Your level of achievement
striving is average.
 Self-Discipline. Self-discipline-what many people call willpower-refers to the ability to persist at difficult or unpleasant
tasks until they are completed. People who possess high selfdiscipline are able to overcome reluctance to begin tasks and
stay on track despite distractions. Those with low self-discipline
procrastinate and show poor follow-through, often failing to
complete tasks-even tasks they want very much to complete.
Your level of self-discipline is low.
 Cautiousness. Cautiousness describes the disposition to think
through possibilities before acting. High scorers on the
Cautiousness scale take their time when making decisions. Low
scorers often say or do first thing that comes to mind without
deliberating alternatives and the probable consequences of those
alternatives. Your level of cautiousness is average.
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Personality Test Center – IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300.
Freud originally used the term neurosis to describe a condition
marked by mental distress, emotional suffering, and an inability to
cope effectively with the normal demands of life. He suggested that
everyone shows some signs of neurosis, but that we differ in our
degree of suffering and our specific symptoms of distress. Today
neuroticism refers to the tendency to experience negative feelings.
Those who score high on Neuroticism may experience primarily one
specific negative feeling such as anxiety, anger, or depression, but are
likely to experience several of these emotions. People high in
neuroticism are emotionally reactive. They respond emotionally to
events that would not affect most people, and their reactions tend to
be more intense than normal. They are more likely to interpret
ordinary situations as threatening, and minor frustrations as
hopelessly difficult. Their negative emotional reactions tend to persist
for unusually long periods of time, which means they are often in a
bad mood. These problems in emotional regulation can diminish a
neurotic’s ability to think clearly, make decisions, and cope effectively
with stress.
At the other end of the scale, individuals who score low in neuroticism
are less easily upset and are less emotionally reactive. They tend to
be calm, emotionally stable, and free from persistent negative
Personality Test Center – IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300.
feelings. Freedom from negative feelings does not mean that low
scorers experience a lot of positive feelings; frequency of positive
emotions is a component of the Extraversion domain.
Domain/Facet…… Score
Your score on Neuroticism is high, indicating that
you are easily upset, even by what most people
consider the normal demands of living. People
consider you to be sensitive and emotional.
Personality Test Center – IPIP-NEO-PI Items 241-300.
Neuroticism Facets
 Anxiety. The “fight-or-flight” system of the brain of anxious
individuals is too easily and too often engaged. Therefore, people
who are high in anxiety often feel like something dangerous is
about to happen. They may be afraid of specific situations or …
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