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Start by reading some Tampa Bay environmental articles from Bay Soundings Conservation and Restoration. Direct Link: http://baysoundings.com/category/conservation-and-restoration/ Start a new thread in the discussion forum and do the following: Summarize the article you wish to write about. From the article, paraphrase one disturbing idea and one promising idea. Cite the article APA Style. Provide a Hyperlink back to the article. If you are not able to view the image below, please Click Here for proper format.(Full directions attached … this is the first assignment of what will end up being another outline,draft and final essay)
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Start by reading some Tampa Bay environmental articles from Bay Soundings
Conservation and Restoration.
Direct Link: http://baysoundings.com/category/conservation-and-restoration/
Start a new thread in the discussion forum and do the following:





Summarize the article you wish to write about.
From the article, paraphrase one disturbing idea and one promising idea.
Cite the article APA Style.
Provide a Hyperlink back to the article.
If you are not able to view the image below, please Click Here for proper
format.
Below is an example. Indentation would be necessary for the second line
Only the first letter of the title, proper nouns, and letter after a colon are capitalized. If
your article does not have an author, start with the title then the date. All of these
articles have dates. Please let me know if I can help. There are more examples in the
course.
Correct citation would be:
Kochhar, R., & Cilluffo, A. (2018). Racial and ethnic income inequality in America: 5 key
findings. Retrieved from http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2018/07/12/keyfindings-on-the-rise-in-income-inequality-within-americas-racial-and-ethnic-groups/
100 words minimum
Running head: SINGLE-USE PLASTICS: OCEANS AT RISK
Single-Use Plastics: Oceans at Risk
Breighton Reed
St. Petersburg College
1
SINGLE-USE PLASTICS: OCEANS AT RISK
Abstract
The article “Local Experts to Highlight Dangers of Single-Use Plastic” published in Bay
Soundings, illustrates a growing concern for the marine environment. As more single-use
plastics, such as disposable bags, water bottles and straws, find their ways into Pinellas County
waterways, the risk to marine and aquatic animals increases. This is currently a high alert
concern and consumers must start to act to reduce plastics ending up in the waterways.
2
SINGLE-USE PLASTICS: OCEANS AT RISK
3
Single-Use Plastics: Oceans at Risk
There is a major concern for single-use plastics harming the marine environment in not
just Pinellas County but worldwide. A very small amount, roughly 7% in 2009, of all plastics
were recycled (“Local Experts,” 2018). The remainder of plastics are either thrown into the
trash which makes its way to landfills or are littered and can potentially make their way to the
oceans. Plastics do not decompose quickly and are left to pollute the waterways for many
years. Harm can come to marine life if they consume these plastic pollutants or are entrapped
within them. Concerns over single-use plastics and their disposal create a level of high alert
for the marine environment and also raise questions of how consumers can use and dispose of
them to reduce the likelihood of the plastics entering local waterways.
To start, one disturbing idea that is discussed in the article is that marine life is in
danger due to plastics in the water. Dr. David Hastings, a professor of marine science at
Eckerd College in St. Petersburg, worked on a grant to investigate microplastics in local
waterways. Dr. Hastings explains, “Plastic doesn’t break down quickly and can easily be
eaten by fish, shellfish and turtles that can make them feel full even if they aren’t ” (“Local
Experts,” 2018, para. 3). Plastics in the waters are a risk to the survival of marine life.
Consumption of plastics is causing animals to lack nutrients resulting in the possibility of
starvation since their stomachs feel full, or the animals may die of malnutrition due to lack of
proper food (“Local Experts,” 2018). Sea turtles can easily mistake bags floating in the ocean
as jellyfish, a primary food source, and mistakenly consume the bags. Another concern is that
there can be entrapment dangers due to large forms of plastics, like single-use grocery bags
and soda can rings. Marine life can get their heads or bodies trapped, and this potentially will
SINGLE-USE PLASTICS: OCEANS AT RISK
4
lead to their death or disfigurement. Something must be done to reduce plastics in the
waterways.
However, there are promising steps that consumers can start to take to turn this issue
around. The overall goal of reducing single-use plastics can have a dramatic effect on the
reduction of plastics finding their way to the aquatic environment. According to the article,
“California banned single-use plastics in 2016. A year later, consumers were comfortable with
other options – and there was a 70% drop in overall plastic bag litter on the state’s beaches
during its annual coastal cleanup day” (“Local Experts,” 2018, para. 11). This trial in
California may be promising to other coastal communities. This indicates that less single-use
plastic is finding its way to waterways as long as there are regulations in place for plastic
usage and consumers are acting wisely. Consumers are becoming more educated to these
concerns and are beginning to take simple steps such as: declining plastic straws for
beverages, opting for alternative take-out containers versus Styrofoam, using reusable grocery
bags, and utilizing refillable bottles for drinking.
Overall, the issue of single-use plastics in coastal and inland waterways is a high alert
concern. This alert level is based on the dramatic impact plastics are having on the oceans’
marine life. These problems have existed for decades but are now becoming more visible due to
attention from scientists and marine researchers, who are finding new information about how
consumers are interacting with their enviroments. People can begin to make educated decisions
that have positive effects on cleaning up and reducing this enviromental mess. Simple steps can
be taken starting now to have a long term impact on the recovery and sustainbility of the aquatic
world. Consumers must take action to start the process of cleaning plastics from the waterways
and reducing the amounts that continue to enter the aquatic environment.
SINGLE-USE PLASTICS: OCEANS AT RISK
References
Local experts to highlight dangers of single-use plastics. (2018, June 12). Bay
Soundings. Retrieved from http://baysoundings.com/local-experts-highlight-dangerssingle-use-plastic/
5
Writing for the Natural Sciences
1) Welcome to the unit Writing for the Natural Sciences. To learn about the kind of
writing that scientists do, we invite you to watch this video
2) During the course of the next four sub-modules, you will complete a major writing
assignment based on an article from Bay Soundings’ Conservation and Restoration.
The essay will be four (4) paragraphs and six-hundred (600) words long.
Research & Documentation:



Citations should be in APA format. References Page included.
The amount of Cited information should not exceed 15%
Watch these videos to get familiar with APA In Text Citations and APA
References.
Formatting the Essay:
This essay will use APA formatting. The entire essay should:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Be double spaced, including the Reference page.
Contain one-inch margins all the way around, which is standard for Microsoft
Word.
Present headers with Running head, Title, and Page Number on the the
first page (usually the title page)
Present Title and Page Number in headers on the second and all subsequent
pages.
Feature an original title centered on the first page of the actual essay.
Include an abstract and title page.

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