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week, you have been asked to develop a research question, and then
provide literature review
supporting this questions. A literature review can be tedious and
time-consuming but needed for understanding the problem under
investigation. It allows the instructor assess your information seeking
skills (your ability to identify a set of useful articles
and books scanning relevant literature) and your critical appraisal
skills (your ability to identify and critique previously published
research studies). Much like an outline of a paper or a treatment of a movie script, the research proposal contains several parts that begin with a research question and end with a literature review. For this Assignment, you compile a research proposal that includes a research problem, research question, and a literature review. For this Assignment, choose between the case studies entitled “Social Work Research: Couple Counseling” and “Social Work Research: Using Multiple Assessments.” (See attached word documents on Multiple assessment story and a beginning outline or literature review) Consider how you might select among the issues presented to formulate a research proposal. Be sure to consult the outline in Chapter 14 the Yegidis et al. text for content suggestions for the sections of a research proposal. As you review existing research studies, notice how the authors identify a problem, focus the research question, and summarize relevant literature. These can provide you with a model for your research proposal.Chronological.
Is based on if you write the literature based on these studies were published.Thematic.
Is organized around a topic or issue rather than the progression of timeMethodological.
This strategy focused on the reach method (survey, observational,
experimental, quantitative, and/or qualitative studies grouped together)
the researcher used to gather their data rather than the content or the
material.Submit a 5- to 6-page research proposal stating both a research problem and a broad research question (may be either qualitative or quantitative). Use 6–10 of the most relevant literature resources to support the need for the study, define concepts, and define variables relevant to the question. Include a literature review explaining what previous research has found in relation to your problem and question. The literature review should also include a description of methods used by previous researchers. Finally, be sure to explain how your proposed study addresses a gap in existing knowledge.


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Social Work Research: Using Multiple Assessments
The purpose of this paper is to formulate a research proposal stating both a research problem and
a broad research question for social work using methods that illustrate multiple assessment
Social Work Research: Using Multiple Assessments
Review of Literature
Statement of Research Questions
Plummer, S.-B., Makris, S., & Brocksen S. M. (Eds.). (2014). Social work case studies:
Foundation year. Baltimore, MD: Laureate International Universities Publishing. [Vital
Source e-reader].
Teasley, M. L., Baffour, T. D., & Tyson, E. H. (2005). Perceptions of cultural competence
among urban school social workers: Does experience make a difference? Children &
Schools, 27(4), 227-237. c
Yegidis, B. L., Weinbach, R. W., & Myers, L. L. (2018). Research methods for social workers
(8th ed.). New York, NY: Pearson.
Social Work Research: Using Multiple Assessments
Lucille is a 68-year-old, Caucasian female. Her husband of 43 years passed away 4 years ago after a long
and debilitating illness during which Lucille was his primary caregiver. During their marriage, he worked
at the sanitation department, and she was a homemaker. She continues to live in the house where she
and her husband raised their three children. Lucille receives a limited income of approximately
$2,100/month from her husband’s retirement pension and Social Security; she owns her home and has
no major outstanding debts. She receives Medicare to cover her major medical expenses and a small
supplemental health plan to cover any outstanding medical costs. Her physical health is good, and she
has not had any major illnesses or surgeries, although she has not had a complete physical in over two
years. Her favorite hobbies are gardening and cooking. Lucille has two sons and one daughter, each
living away from home with their own families. Lucille’s daughter and one son reside in the local area;
her other son lives in another state.
Lucille’s major concern is about her daughter, Alice (33), who has battled substance abuse and
alcoholism since adolescence. At present, Alice is not employed and has had several encounters with
law enforcement for drug possession and intent to sell illegal substances. Alice has admitted that she
has used cocaine as well as other substances in the past. She has made several attempts to go into drug
rehabilitation, but she has never completed a program. Her siblings have essentially disowned her. Alice
has three children, Michael (6), Rachael (4), and Randy (18 months), who was recently diagnosed with
fetal alcohol effects (FAE). Lucille is not certain who is the father of her grandchildren; it is a subject Alice
refuses to discuss. Alice has repeatedly left her children alone for several hours in their tiny apartment,
and once she was gone for several days. Child Welfare has interceded, but Alice continues to have
custody of her children. Whenever Lucille visits her daughter and grandchildren, the living conditions are
filthy, there is little food in the house, and there is talk of constant “visitors” to the house well into the
night. Because of Alice’s instability, Lucille has taken physical custody of her grandchildren without any
redress from Alice. Lucille’s family members are not aware of the stress Lucille is feeling about possibly
having to spend the rest of her life raising her grandchildren, including one with a disability. This causes
Lucille to often feel “down in the dumps,” resulting in overeating because, as she stated, “comfort food
makes me feel better.” Within 2 months, she gained 15 pounds.
Lucille heard about a counseling program at the local community center for grandparents raising
grandchildren. The program provides support, group meetings, parenting classes, individual counseling
sessions with a social worker, and referrals for other supporting services. At first, Lucille was skeptical
about attending the program. She was embarrassed to tell others about her family circumstances; she
was particularly fearful that others would blame her for her daughter’s lifestyle and wonder how she
could now care for her grandchildren if she could not raise her daughter properly. She already blamed
herself for her daughter’s actions, which made her bouts of depression more frequent and difficult to
Eventually, Lucille came to the community center after some encouragement from her neighbor. Lucille
is quite concerned about the fate of her daughter. Fearing the worst, she is constantly worried she will
get a late night phone call that her daughter was found dead somewhere from a drug overdose or
something related to her drug life. She once believed caring for her grandchildren was a temporary
arrangement but more recently believes this will become permanent. Although Lucille loves her
grandchildren, she is afraid that she will have to raise them alone and is angry with her daughter for
putting her in this position. She does not know if she can do it at her age. Her youngest grandchild will
need many resources over the years, and she does not even know where to begin to access them. She
admits feeling overwhelmed and depressed frequently, but she does not have a wide circle of family or
friends to talk to about her concerns. She spoke to her church minister once about her family
circumstances but did not feel she got much out of it. “He just did not seem to understand what I was
talking about,” she stated, “so I never went back.” She stated she was feeling unable to manage her
family needs and that “I just want to get control of the ship again.”
After a thorough psychological assessment, the agency psychiatrist determined that medication was not
necessary for her bouts of depression. After our initial talk, I administered a series of baseline measures
on her emotional and physical functioning, specifically the Center for Epidemiologic Studies—Depressed
Mood Scale (CES-D), Family Resource Scale, Family Support Scale, and the Medical Outcome Survey, SF12v2. Our plan is to administer these measures at 3-month intervals for 1 year to assess her emotional
functioning and social progress. Using a strengths-based approach to problem solving, I collaborated
with Lucille on a biweekly basis to define personal goals that focused on helping her address feelings of
depression and broaden her support network for managing family challenges. She attended monthly
support group meetings with other grandparents who discussed their challenges and celebrated their
triumphs. Lucille never missed a meeting. I made two home visits per month to observe Lucille in her
home environment. Our individual sessions included assessing strengths, defining/redefining needs,
targeting problems and goals, identifying resources to address needs, and monitoring goal progress. A
nutritionist also conducted two home visits to help her with food options for herself and her
grandchildren. Lucille is an excellent cook, and the nutritionist showed her how to reduce calories
without sacrificing taste. Within four weeks, Lucille was able to make small changes in her everyday life.
She began walking her grandchildren to the local park for playtime, preparing her front yard for spring
flowers, and preparing Sunday dinners to reengage her family. She also visited her family physician and
learned that she has high blood pressure, which can be controlled with proper diet and exercise, and she
has asked her son and daughter-in-law for respite once per month so she can have some “down time.”
After 6 months, I facilitated a family group conference with Lucille and her sons and their wives. The
focus of the meeting was to plan how the family would support Lucille as the primary caregiver for her
grandchildren and to define the role other family members would play in assisting in raising Alice’s
children. There was family agreement that it was in the children’s best interest for Lucille to seek legal
counsel so she could establish temporary custody for her grandchildren, as well as learn the options for
a more permanent relationship, such as adoption. She also applied for disability benefits for her
youngest grandchild. Later, the family would meet to conduct permanency planning for the
grandchildren. After 9 months, Lucille’s emotional health improved, and we decided to suspend
individual counseling, but she continues to participate in the weekly support group meetings where she
can have her blood pressure checked by the program nurse. After 12 months in the program, Lucille has
a positive perception of her support network, including her family; familiarity with community resources
and how to access them; a positive emotional state; and she has lost 10 pounds and her blood pressure
is normal. Lucille has even initiated a grandparent mentoring service for new custodial grandparents
who want to partner with a “seasoned” grandparent caregiver. Last week, Lucille found out her
daughter Alice, who she has not seen in nearly a year, is 6 months pregnant.

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