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1.pelase let the topic relate with China if you can. that would be really nice 2. check the attachment document for more information, thanks!

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ENVS-496-001 & ENVS-696-001–The Arctic: Exploring the World’s Last Frontier
The research project for ENVS-496-001 and ENVS-696-001 consists of three graded components:

Research Paper outline and bibliography (20 percent of grade): Wednesday, March 6th
Research Paper, 14-18 pages (30 percent of grade): Monday, April 15th
In-class research presentation (15 percent of grade): Wednesday, April 17th and
Wednesday, April 24th
The overall project will improve each student’s ability to read critically, think conceptually, conduct
rigorous research, engage in critical analysis, gain mastery in his/her chosen topic, and communicate
effectively. The final paper should be of a quality/type suitable for publication in an undergraduate
or graduate journal, as applicable.
The research project requires you to conduct a rigorous study that is relevant to the themes explored
in the Arctic, thereby giving you the opportunity to become an expert on your chosen topic.
Ultimately, you should choose a topic that you find interesting and manageable.
Social scientists answer “why?” – type questions. Why did a particular event happen (or is
happening)? Why did we observe particular outcomes? Why did a country pursue a particular
policy? While it is always important to provide sufficient narrative of background information in
explaining why a particular event took place, this is not a primarily descriptive paper explaining what
happened or how it happened.
As such, the overall objective of the research paper is to conduct rigorous and in-depth
research in order to answer your “why” question. This will require extensive empirical research
on the details of your case as well as thorough theoretical research on the broader phenomenon to
which your case belongs. Doing so will allow you to write a research paper that is backed up with
strong empirics. Accordingly, you must use at least one theory (generally accepted in the social or
natural sciences, or law) to provide a needed framework/area for analysis in the paper.
Your submission should be 5-6 pages in length (including bibliography) and must do the following:

Present your research topic in the form of a “why?” question.
Explain why this topic is generally important in the field of Arctic knowledge.

Discuss your tentative expectations of what you think the answer to your question is
Identify at least 5 scholarly sources you will use for your paper, including at least one general
theoretical source from outside the course readings.
This submission must additionally provide a detailed outline of your complete paper, along with a
bibliography, in hard and electronic copies. Be careful: outline does not mean a series of
phrases/bullets. You should have a well-ordered product written in paragraph form. Your grade will
be based on the completeness and level of detail provided. For each section, subsection, subsubsection, etc. of your paper, you should note which sources you will be using—and why you are
using them. The literature review in this submission should be done to such high quality and
completeness that the student would feel content with submitting it as a final paper.
The research paper should be 14-18 pages in length. A hard copy AND electronic copy (emailed)
must be submitted by the deadline in order to avoid substantial penalties for later papers.
Your paper should meet the paper objective outlined above. It will be evaluated on its content,
organization, style, and mechanics in assessing its success in meeting the paper objectives. Your
grade will also be dependent on the rigor of your research, as evidenced by a wide variety of
appropriate sources cited throughout your paper.
The formatting requirements are as follows:

12-point Garamond Font
1-inch margins
Double-spaced lines
Last name and page number in bottom right corner of every page
Statement on cover page acknowledging that the submission is your work: “My document
identifies all sources used and assistance received in completing this assignment.”
All sources, collaboration, or assistance must be properly cited in the paper and on a works cited
page. You should use a parenthetical in-text citation style (Chicago 16th B; MLA; APA) OR footnote
citations (Chicago 16th A). The Bluebook system of citations will also be accepted. Please do not
use endnotes for your citations. You must also include source page numbers for all in-text/footnote
citations. The Works Cited list at the end of the paper (not part of the page count) should list only
those sources cited in the paper.
Under no condition are Wikipedia or similar sources, blogs, encyclopedias, or non-scholarly web
pages acceptable. The following are acceptable outside sources:

Books: The most relevant books are generally scholarly books published by university
presses, or books in which the author provides citations for his/her evidence.
Additionally, Google Books or other such online book catalogs are not acceptable

sources as they do not provide access to the complete resource and you may only gain
partial context of the author’s argument, logic, or evidence. You should use the library
to access the actual book.
Academic journal articles: These articles should primarily come from political science,
public policy, or other academic discipline journals to be most relevant. Do not just
select the first article with the name of your theory or topic that comes up in a Google,
Google Scholar, or JSTOR search; some articles are more relevant and/or authoritative
than others. Good places to start your search for resources (books, journal articles,
primary sources, and news or magazine articles) are the citations in readings from the
Think tank papers: Major think tanks, such as the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR),
Brookings Institution, the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), The
RAND Corporation, the Congressional Research Service (CRS), etc. publish scholarly,
topical articles or reports on contemporary international relations challenges. You
should be aware of potential political biases or agendas that may color the perspective of
some think tanks.
Primary sources: Some examples are government documents, memoirs, interviews, etc.
News or magazine articles: You should use major national papers, such as the New York
Times, Washington Post, and Wall Street Journal, and major magazines, such as The Economist,
Foreign Affairs, and Foreign Policy.
Failure to properly cite sources will significantly lower your paper grade. Suspected acts of
plagiarism will be handled as a violation of American University’s rules and procedures.
Students will prepare an approximately 15-minute presentation of their research project.
Presentations will be graded critically and rigorously based on the content and style of the
presentation. Each presentation should include the following:

Introduction of the talk
Presentation of the research question
Appropriate background of the topic
Presentation of the topic/answer to the research question
Consequences/implications/lessons learned from the topic
Good presentations should be well-organized and well-rehearsed. Students should avoid
excessive reliance on notes/outlines, and under no circumstances should you read information off
your slides. You should also avoid the common trap of including too many slides and putting too
much text/information on each slide. Slides should include only a few brief bullet points to help
focus the discussion.

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